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We are back to our excursion into urban development models. Homer Hoyt’s sector model, developed in 1939, proposes that cities evolve in sectors or wedges, radiating from the city center. Each sector, characterized by different land uses and socio-economic statuses, is influenced by transportation networks, which act as boundaries and guide the city’s growth and evolution. In Hoyt’s model, a sector is defined as a part of the city that grows along transportation lines, maintaining its character over time. The model identifies 5 main sectors: · Central Business District (CBD): The economic and often geographic center of the city. · Transportation and Industry: This sector follows transportation lines and is typically characterized by industry and low-income housing. · Low-Class Residential: These areas are often located near industrial zones. · Middle-Class Residential: These areas are further from the industrial zones and closer to the high-class residential areas. · High-Class Residential: These areas are often located on the outskirts of the city, away from the industrial zones. While the model was based on American cities of the 1930s, its principles hold relevance for the rapidly urbanizing cities of Asia today. Here’s why: · Transportation Infrastructure: Hoyt’s model underscores the importance of transportation networks in shaping a city’s growth. As Asian cities expand, strategically planning these networks can guide urban development and ensure accessibility, making the city more navigable for its residents. · Non-Uniform Growth: Unlike models that assume uniform, concentric growth, the Sector Model recognizes the organic, sector-based growth of cities. This is particularly relevant for Asian cities, where development is influenced by a myriad of factors, from topography to socio-economic conditions. · Mixed Land Use: The Sector Model encourages mixed land use within sectors, fostering diverse, vibrant neighborhoods. This can help strike a balance between residential, commercial, and recreational spaces, enhancing the city’s livability. However, it’s crucial to remember that while Hoyt’s model provides a useful theoretical framework, its application should be nuanced and context-specific. Socio-economic segregation by sectors may not be feasible or desirable in many Asian cities, where mixed-income neighborhoods can contribute to social cohesion. Similarly, the model’s assumption of outward expansion may need to be rethought in the face of limited land resources and the need for urban densification. Our next post will delve into the example of Chandigarh, India, to better understand the model’s advantages and limitations, and whether this model helps design unique cities. #UNICITIofficial #ThirdWayCities #SEHERAsia #UrbanFabricFrameworks #SectorModel #Chandigarh

This district concept maximises rush hours peaks

The 18century centralized CBD and development dispersion towards periphery is out of context in today’s advanced and mobile population. In the recent past, the WFH transitions impacted many traditional CBD offices occupancy downwards. Those concepts may be more applicable to neighborhoods and not the City/Metro as whole.

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