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Aerobic respiration in eukaryotes involves the protein complex ATP synthase. Select the most appropriate statement regarding the location and function of ATP synthase:
0. ATP synthase is found in the cell wall of mitochondria and produces ATP.
1. Protons flow through the plasma membrane into the mitochondrial matrix. ATP synthase, located at the mitochondrial inner membrane, catalyzes the synthesis of ATP driven by a proton gradient. Protons that have been pumped into the inner membrane space move through ATP synthase back into the mitochondrial matrix.
2. ATP synthase is found inside the mitochondrial matrix where movement of protons in the matrix drives ATP synthesis.
3. ATP synthase is located at the mitochondrial inner membrane and pumps protons from the mitochondrial matrix into the inner membrane space. ATP synthase is found embedded in the inner membrane of mitochondria and facilitates the synthesis of ATP using an electrochemical gradient created by differential proton concentration [H*] with high [Ht] in the matrix and low [Ht] in the inner membrane space.

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04:05

Question 100.5 ptsWhich of the following maintains the proton gradient across in the inner mitochondrial membrane? Choose ALL the correct choicesThe ETC pumps protons into the matrixThe ETC pumps protons into the inner membrane spaceWater = formed in the matrix reducing the hydrogen concentration in the matrixWater is formed in the matrix increasing the hydrogen concentration in the matrixWater formed in the inner membrane space increasing the hydrogen concentration in the inner membrane spaceWater is formed in the inner membrane space decreasing the hydrogen concentration in the inner membrane spaceQuestion 110.5 ptsWhich of the following statements best describes the primary role played bY oxygen in cellular respiration?It vields energy in the form of ATP as it is passed down the electron transport chainIt oxidizes glucose to form two molecules of pyruvate:It serves Js an acceptor for carbon; forming CO2 in the citric acid cycleIt serves as the final acceptor for clec…

03:02

Question 1310 ptsThe ATP synthase complex resides in the inner mitochondrial membrane and uses a gradient of [Select ] to achieve the synthesis of ATP; delivered from the enzyme to theSelectThis ATP requires[Select ]to insure delivery of the product; ATP; out of the mitochondrion and ultimately into the cytoplasm Phosphate also must be delivered into the matrix, and this is achieved by a [Select ] The ATPase synthase complex is aremarkable enzyme; including the fact it Select ]as it uses an electrochemical gradient toundergo conformational changes that permit the catalysis of ADP synthesisQuestion 1410 pts

02:45

Compared to the generation of ATP by oxidative phosphorylation, what is a major difference in the mechanism of ATP generation by substrate-level phosphorylation in glycolysis? A. A proton gradient is not involved. B. The ATP produced has less energy content because oxygen was not involved. C. Substrate-level phosphorylation occurs in the intramitochondrial space. D. One can’t generalize without knowing the substrate.

02:49

Question 37 (1 point) In cellular respiration, electrons are moved along a series of membrane proteins during the electron transport chain. If there was a mutation in the DNA coding for each of the proton pumps of the electron transport chain such that these proteins became non-functional, what would you predict to occur? NADH and FADH2 would have to donate their electrons directly to ATP synthase in order for ATP synthesis to occur. Electrons would have to be stripped from water instead of NADH and FADH2 to create the proton gradient needed to power ATP synthase. Protons would not be moved from the matrix to the intermembrane space and so ATP synthase would not be activated. Protons would no longer be moved from the intermembrane space to the matrix and so ATP synthase would not be activated.

01:51

QUESTION 3Maintenance of ATP synthase activity requires continuous transport of substrates and products into and out of the mitochondrial matrix. Match the metabolite with the transporter and its direction of transport for each transporter: export or import.

Transporter Metabolite Direction of TransportATP-ADP translocase ADP importPhosphate carrier Phosphate import

QUESTION 4The moles of ATP synthesized by ATP synthase per hydroxyl ion based on the location of the glucose-oxidizing pathway compartment inorganic phosphate pathway glycolysis cytoplasm on the compartment in which NADH is synthesized. Complete the table.

Compartment Moles of ATP synthesized per mole of NADHpyruvate dehydrogenase cytoplasm 2.5citric acid cycle mitochondrial matrix 2.5

Transcript

Hello students, in this video we will study about ATP synthase and choose the correct option. So the correct option is nothing but ATP synthase located at the mitochondrial inner membrane catalyzes synthesis of ATP driven…

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You are watching: SOLVED: Aerobic respiration in eukaryotes involves the protein complex ATP synthase. Select the most appropriate statement regarding the location and function of ATP synthase: 0. ATP synthase is found. Info created by GBee English Center selection and synthesis along with other related topics.