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– RNA & Protein Synthesis

University: Nova Southeastern University

Course: Human Biology (BIOL 1080)

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Student Exploration: RNA and Protein Synthesis

Directions: Follow the instructions to go through the simulation. Respond to the questions and

prompts in the orange boxes.

Vocabulary: amino acid, anticodon, codon, gene, messenger RNA, nucleotide, ribosome, RNA, RNA

polymerase, transcription, transfer RNA, translation

Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE using the Gizmo.)

1. Suppose you want to design and build a house. How would you communicate your design plans with the

construction crew that would work on the house?

2. Cells build large, complicated molecules, such as proteins. What do you think cells use as their “design

plans” for proteins?

Gizmo Warm-up

Just as a construction crew uses blueprints to build a house, a cell uses DNA

as plans for building proteins. In addition to DNA, another nucleic acid, called

RNA, is involved in making proteins. In the RNA and Protein Synthesis


you will use both DNA and RNA to construct a protein out of amino acids.

1. DNA is composed of the bases adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and

thymine (T). RNA is composed of adenine, cytosine, guanine, and uracil


Look at the SIMULATION pane. Is the displayed segment a part of a DNA

or RNA molecule? How do you know?

2. RNA polymerase is a type of enzyme. Enzymes help chemical reactions occur quickly. Click the Release

enzyme button, and describe what happens.

Reproduction for educational use only. Public sharing or posting prohibited. © 2020 ExploreLearning™ All rights reserved


Abdul Indorewala


I will give them instructions on how I want the house to look such as blueprints.

I think cells use DNA as their design plans/

The molecule is of DNA. I know this because I see that Adenine is

paired up with Thymine. In RNA Uracil replaces Thymine.

The DNA splits into 2 strands and the hydrogen bonds break.

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