Cracking New SAT 2016 PT5 Answers – Copy

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PRACTICE TEST 5 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS

Section 1 – Reading

  1. A The question asks for the main purpose of the passage. Since there is no reference window to use for this question, it should be answered last. The passage first introduces Sir Walter Elliot, and then describes his personality traits and his personal history: primarily the death of his wife, which left him alone with three children. Although (C) may seem well supported, this answer is too specific, as it only discusses Sir Walter’s personality traits and not the passage as a whole. Choice (D) is also much too specific, as only the last paragraph of the passage discusses the relationship between Sir Walter and Lady Russell. Choice (B) is too vague; the overview is focused primarily on Sir Walter, not the entire family. Only (A) provides a description of the main purpose of the passage.

  2. D The question asks for a summary of the first two paragraphs. In general, and in this case, these usually introduce and provide insight into the main topic of the story, which makes (D) the best match, as the story is focused on Sir Walter and his habits. Choices (A) and (B) are not supported by the passage, as there is no true indication that the family is “important” or that the book it appears in is “one of the most popular.” Although (C) may be true based on the passage, it is not the best summary of the two paragraphs, only a minor detail.

  3. A The question asks why the author included the phrase “with all the Marys and Elizabeths they had married.” The paragraph this phrase appears in summarizes the part of the family history that is not directly quoted from the Baronetage, and this phrase is included as part of that summary. Choice (D) is the opposite of a “summary,” so it is not the best match. Choices (B) and (C) are too far-reaching; there is no information provided about “common British names” nor a “type of woman.” The best match is (A), as it indicates the same information is repeated over and over again.

  4. C The question asks how Sir Walter can best be described, so the best match will be supported by the passage. In the sixth paragraph Sir Walter is described as caring about his rank and his appearance above all else, which best matches (C). Since it is Sir Walter who is described as vain, not his family, (D) does not work. Since the passage states that Sir Walter “never took up any book but the Baronetage” (B) cannot be correct. Although Sir Walter is described as the head of a family, there is no support for its being one of the “foremost” in England, eliminating (A) as well.

  5. D This question asks for the evidence used to answer the previous question, so if you can’t find lines to support your answer to Question 4, take a moment to reassess. The correct answer should sup- port the idea that Sir Walter is one who values personal beauty second only to title. In the sixth paragraph Sir Walter is described as caring about his rank and his appearance above all else, which best matches (D). Although the passage states that Sir Walter “never took up any book but the Baronetage,” this evidence does

not connect to any of the descriptions from the previous question, so (A) can be eliminated. Although Sir Walter is described as the head of a family in both (B) and (C), there is no support for his being one of the “foremost” in England.

  1. B The question asks what “fine” means in this context. Read the window around line 47 and it should be clear that these sentences are discussing Sir Walter’s vanity and pride in his personal appear- ance. Since the word “fine” is being used to match “handsome” as used earlier in the sentence, (B) is the best match. The other choices can be used as synonyms of “fine” but do not match the meaning of “handsome” as it is used here.

  2. A The question asks what can be inferred about Lady Elliot, so the answer must match the passage as closely as possible. The seventh paragraph shows that Lady Elliot was of “superior character” com- pared to Sir Walter and did her best to improve him during their marriage. This best matches (A). Although she is referred to as “not the very happiest being in the world” it would be too extreme to say she suffered from unhappiness most of her life, eliminating (C). The passage does reference a single friend who guided her, Lady Russell, but does not refer to many friends she could rely on, eliminating (D). Although it is clear that Lady Elliot died, a long illness such as in (B) is never mentioned.

  3. B This question asks for the evidence you used to answer the previous question, so if you can’t find lines to support your answer to Question 7, take a moment to reassess. The seventh paragraph shows that Lady Elliot was of “superior character” compared to Sir Walter and did her best to improve him during their marriage. This best matches (B).

  4. A The question asks what can be inferred from the last paragraph, so the answer must match the information provided in that paragraph as closely as possible. Reading the window reveals that Sir Walter and Lady Russell continue to live in same neighborhood, remaining both friends and single. There is no mention of beauty in the last paragraph, so (D) is not supported. There is also no indication that Sir Wal- ter made an offer to be accepted by Lady Russell, nor is there anything about Lady Russell’s friendship with Lady Elliot in this paragraph, so (C) is also not supported. There is no mention of what Sir Walter and Lady Russell are or are not likely to do in the future, so (B) can be eliminated. Be careful about answer choices that include predictions. No matter how logical they may seem, you can’t prove the future, and you can always prove a correct SAT answer. The paragraph does state that the two did not marry despite “whatever might have been anticipated on that head by their acquaintance,” indicating that some may have anticipated that they would marry. This best matches (A).

  5. C Remember to use the context of the passage when considering the definition of a word, and not your own definition of “head.” Read the window around line 80 to determine a synonym that works within the context of the passage. Something like “idea” would work, as the sentence is referring to the idea that Sir Walter and Lady Russell may have married one another. This is most synonymous with “possibility,” (C). “Inevitability” could have worked if the couple did marry, but since such an event never actually hap- pened “possibility” is the best choice. “Face” and “countenance” in (A) and (B) are synonyms for “head” but do not work in this specific context.

  6. B The previous question asked what is indicated about chores and jobs. Using line references to support answer choices to the previous question, answer choices to this question can be quickly elimi- nated. Choice (A) refers to a different paragraph of the passage that is not concerned with chores or jobs, so eliminate it. The passage mentions that money is a greater motivating factor than experience, which elimi- nates both (C) and (D) as support for (C) in the previous question. The only line that supports an answer from the previous question is found in (B): chores and jobs tend to be divided along gender lines as boys and girls engage in different types of those activities.

  7. C This question asks about which of the answers would NOT affect student participation. Lines 80-85 mention factors that do affect participation. Gender is mentioned in line 81, so eliminate (A). Autonomy, mentioned in line 85, means doing things for themselves, so eliminate (B). Involvement of friends is mentioned in lines 83-84, so eliminate (D). Parental support is not mentioned, so (C) is the best answer.

  8. C This question requires using the text and the table. Listening to Music is not an activity listed on the table, but it is mentioned in lines 66-70. The text says that “adolescents spend as much as four to six hours a day listening to music… and it begins to emerge as a significant backdrop to other activities.” Because they are listening to music 4-6 hours a day, (A) and (B) can be eliminated. We know the researchers asked about the activity because there are specifics in the text. Eliminate (D). Choice (C) is supported by the text and is the best answer.

  9. B The question asks for a summary of the information presented on the graphic, so the best approach is likely POE. The graphic provides information on only one set of adolescents; it does not com- pare one set of adolescents to another set a decade earlier. Eliminate (C). Since more than a dozen activities are listed in the graphic, (A) can be eliminated, since that indicates adolescents divide their time over only a dozen. The graphic does not account for why there is a difference between the time boys and girls spend sleeping, so (D) can be eliminated. The graphic does indicate that the majority of time spent by both boys and girls is on school and sleeping, which best supports (B).

  10. D Just like the previous question, this question asks for information presented on the graphic. Checking each answer choice against the graphic demonstrates that (A) is incorrect, as a number of hobbies are not indicated, only the amount of time spent on them. Although boys do spend less time on household work than girls, this does not account for the stereotypical gender roles that exist, eliminating (B). Choice (C) is incorrect, as girls spend one hour and eleven minutes on personal care while boys spend a total of two hours and twenty-five minutes on sports and TV combined. There is only one activity on which boys and girls spend the exact same amount of time (0:10 Outdoors), which supports (D).

  11. A The first paragraph describes a rule—aggravated murder is the only crime punished by death—and then states that “we are even now deliberating whether the extreme penalty should be retained in that solitary case.” The second paragraph gives the parameters for the application of the rule: “by conclu- sive evidence, the greatest crime known to the law; and when the attendant circumstances suggest no pallia- tion of the guilt.” Choice (A) best describes this structure. Neither history nor counterarguments are offered

in relation to the rule, so (B) and (C) are incorrect. Additionally, the paragraphs never reject the rule, so (D) is incorrect.

  1. C In these lines, the author states that to “deprive the criminal of the life of which he has proved himself to be unworthy.. the most appropriate punishment” for his crimes. The author does not advocate for the value of his life; in fact, he does the opposite. Choice (A) is incorrect. The author does not discuss exonerating evidence or criminal remorse, so (B) and (D) are incorrect. Choice (C) best matches the information provided in the text.

  2. D The question asks for the purpose of the third paragraph. The author does not include an anecdote or offer a concession to the opposition, eliminating (A) and (C). While the author does present an argument in opposition to those who attack the penalty, he does not attack a specific rival, eliminating (B). The author starts the paragraph by stating “I defend this penalty, when confined to atrocious cases, on the very ground on which it is commonly attacked.” Choice (D) summarizes this purpose.

  3. B The author states that imprisonment with hard labor for life is “less severe indeed in appear- ance” than capital punishment but “far more cruel in reality.” Choice (A) states the opposite, so it is incor- rect. The author does not state if imprisonment with hard labor for life is the best deterrent, just that capital punishment is the least cruel deterrent, so (C) is incorrect. The author states that life imprisonment with hard labor “is the fate to which a murderer would be consigned by the mercy which shrinks from putting him to death.” This text matches (B) in that life imprisonment is a likely alternative, but not necessarily the next best alternative as in (D). Choice (B) is correct.

  4. C This question asks for the evidence you used to answer the previous question, so if you can’t find lines to support your answer to Question 25, take a moment to reassess. In this case, only (C) supports the idea that life imprisonment with hard labor is the likely alternative to capital punishment.

2 7. C This question asks why the author poses a question at the beginning of the fourth para- graph. The first line asks: “But has it been sufficiently considered what sort of a mercy” life imprisonment with hard labor is “and what kind of life it leaves to” criminals? The author goes on to answer his question by pointing out possible lives a criminal of this sort might lead. Therefore, he is not actually petitioning his audience for help, eliminating (D). While the author states that one possible outcome of life imprisonment —immuring him in a living tomb—is far more severe than capital punishment, he does not accuse his opponents of being innately cruel. Choice (A) is incorrect. Choice (B) contradicts the passage, so it can be eliminated. The question does point out that there are additional questions that need to be answered, indi- cating life imprisonment could be more cruel than its advocates assume. Choice (C) is the correct answer.

  1. A This question asks for what point the author makes in his comparison of life imprisonment and capital punishment. The author does not discuss the relative economic benefits of either punishment, so (B) is incorrect. The author favors capital punishment and does not believe that life imprisonment in its current form lends any redemptive benefit to criminals. Therefore, (C) is incorrect. The author describes

hypothesis.” The passage then says “Generally, it goes something like this: Social interaction presents chal- lenges that require a lot of brain power, as that interaction requires organisms to navigate complicated ter- ritory, including avoiding conflict and building alliances.” These lines do not provide a mocking or jovial tone, so choices (B) and (D) can be eliminated. The idea had not been previously explained, so (A) can be eliminated. The lines do explain a scientific concept with straightforward language, so (C) is correct.

  1. C Remember to read for the word in context and not just to leap to a conclusion based on your prior knowledge. The passage states that “scientists believe the complexity of human societies may be one of the reasons we have such large, developed brains.” In context, the word “complexity” refers to the nuanced sophistication of modern society, which best matches (C). Choice (B) offers the opposite meaning, and there is no evidence for (A) or (D) in context.

3 7. A This paragraph expands the discussion of the social brain hypothesis: “vertebrates that live in societies have bigger brains.” This best supports (A). The distinction between vertebrates and invertebrates appears to be clearly established outside of this specific research and no invertebrate species are mentioned in this paragraph, eliminating (B). This paragraph is focused on brain size rather than how vertebrates interact so (C) can be eliminated. There is no indication of differences in individual brain sizes based on intelligence, eliminating (D).

  1. B The question asks what the author indicates about the wasp. The author never mentions a central queen, so (A) can be eliminated. The passage states that “Insect societies.. made up of groups of cooperating close relatives with shared objectives.” This means insects do not need “the type of negotia- tion” required in vertebrate societies. Choice (B) best matches this text. The author does not indicate that it is the simplicity of the wasps’ society that lead to smaller brains, but rather the wasps’ relation to each other. Choice (C) is incorrect. Lines 42–45 state that the complexity of the wasp society does not impact the size of the brain. Choice (D) is incorrect because the passage clearly indicates that the wasp society does require cooperation.

  2. C This question asks for the evidence you used to answer the previous question, so if you can’t find lines to support your answer to Question 38, take a moment to reassess. In this case, only (C) supports the idea that wasps are related and so do not have to address varying goals.

  3. B The graph shows the correlation between residual brain size in primates and the level of societal complexity. This relates most directly to the lines “The more complex the organism’s society, the big- ger its brain regions for processing complex information will be,” which is (B). The graph does not compare insect societies and vertebrate societies, so the lines in (A) are not relevant. The graph does not address wasp colonies, so (C) and (D) are also incorrect.

  4. D This question asks which statement is supported by the graph. The graph shows a direct cor- relation between brain size and societal complexity, so (A) is incorrect. A harem is listed as the type of society linked to the second largest residual brain, so it can be assumed that it is a complex type of society. Choice

(B) is incorrect. The bars show a clear difference between the brain size of a solitary versus pair-bonded organism, so (C) is incorrect. The question tells you that lemurs have “relatively large residual brain size as compared to those of other animals.” When you look at the graph, the largest relative brain size occurs in multi-male groups, making (D) the correct answer.

  1. D After suggesting the possible unsuccessfulness of wetland mitigation, the passage states that “placing mitigation projects in areas distant from the destroyed wetland will result in the wetland functions being replaced in areas away from where they are needed and/or in areas that are not wetland deficient.” This text is best summarized in (D). While increasing population growth is partially responsible for the loss of natural wetlands, it is not responsible for the failure of wetland mitigation. Choice (A) is incorrect. While the passage does address the percentage of natural wetland out of total land, this fact is not why wetland mitigation is unsuccessful. Choice (B) is incorrect. The passage does not address the wastefulness of mitiga- tion banks, so (C) is incorrect.

  2. C This question asks for the evidence you used to answer the previous question, so if you can’t find lines to support your answer to Question 42, take a moment to reassess. In this case, only (C) supports the idea that wetland mitigation may be unsuccessful because the distance that may exist between created wetlands and destroyed natural wetlands.

  3. B Remember to read for the phrase in context and not just to leap to a conclusion based on your prior knowledge. The passage states “Increasing population, development, farming, and landowners’ rights have resulted in increasing amounts of our wetland resource being destroyed and have increased the pressure on the wetlands that remain_._ ” Since many wetlands have been destroyed, “pressure” refers to the strain put on the remaining wetlands to fulfill their ecological function. Choice (B), “demands,” best matches this meaning.

  4. D This question asks for the primary purpose of the second paragraph. The paragraph does not argue against the efficacy of wetland mitigation projects or detail the mechanics by which specific proj- ects are accomplished, so (A) and (B) are incorrect. The paragraph lists the three things on which wetland mitigation focuses, not on the three reasons it is necessary. Choice (C) is incorrect. The second paragraph describes the focus and function of wetland mitigation, as best matched by (D).

  5. D The passage states that the historical “flooding pattern of W29 Impaired Marsh illustrated the most optimistic flooding regime that could have been expected in the absence of augmentation.” These lines suggest that flooding is usually more effective in the presence of augmentation, so (A) is incorrect. The passage presents W29 Impaired Marsh as an example of non-augmented flooding, not as the establishing event for a historical flood pattern, so (B) is incorrect. Although W29 Impaired Marsh suffered negative effects, it was not destroyed. Choice (C) is incorrect. Choice (D) best matches the evidence provided in the text.

Section 2 – Writing & Language

  1. C When STOP or HALF-STOP punctuation is used in the answer choices, use the vertical line test. The first idea ( A new type.. ) is complete, and the second part ( they are.. ) is also complete. Eliminate (A) and (B) since neither a comma by itself nor a FANBOYS by itself can separate two complete ideas. Since they are is part of the underlined portion, (D) is incorrect because a semicolon cannot be followed by an incomplete idea. HALF-STOP punctuation can be followed by a complete or incomplete idea; therefore, (C) is the correct answer.

  2. D This question tests concision. The non-underlined part of the sentence includes the word “altered,” which is redundant with the word “changed” in (A), “different” in (B), and “has been altered” in (C). The best and most concise answer is (D).

  3. A The proposed addition is consistent with the information in the passage and should be added for the reason stated in (A). The idea is further explaining ideas already presented in the passage, eliminate (B). The addition does not fit the structure of the paragraph, so eliminate (C). The proposed addi- tion is not redundant, so eliminate (D).

  4. C Since the verbs are changing in the answer choices, check the subject to be sure the subject and verb are consistent in number. Products is the subject, so the verb should be plural. Eliminate (A) and (B), which both contain singular verbs. Using the verb phrase in (D) would make the sentence incomplete. Only (C) has a subject and verb that are consistent in number and make the sentence complete, so it is the correct answer.

  5. D When the answers all say essentially the same thing, look for the shortest. In this case that is the single word harm that appears in (D). Choice (B) may say a similar thing, but it does so in a less ef- ficient way. Choices (A) and (C) cannot work because they are not consistent with written or spoken English expressions.

  6. C The correct idiom when using the phrase not only is but also, making (C) the correct answer.

  7. B The underlined portion is part of a list, so it should be consistent in structure with the other items in the list: animal treatment and environmental stewardship. Because the items in the list contain an adjective followed by a noun, eliminate (A) and (C) which do not match this pattern. None of the other items in the list is preceded by a possessive pronoun, so eliminate (D). The correct answer is (B).

  8. D Use POE. Sentence 3 should not be placed between sentences 2 and 4 because the gen- eral confusion mentioned in sentence 4 should follow sentence 2 (labels are… misleading and uninformative ). Eliminate (A). Sentence 3 should not be placed in between sentences 1 and 2 since those ideas are connected. Eliminate (B). Sentence 5 refers to these issues, issues that are mentioned in sentence 4 ( limited space and limited knowledge ), so (C) is incorrect. Placing sentence 3 after sentence 5 would conclude the ideas discussed in this paragraph and provide the most clarity. Therefore, (D) is the correct answer.

  9. A Notice the question and be sure to choose the answer that provides a specific detail that reinforces the main point of the previous sentence. The previous sentence states that most foods have contained GMOs since the early 1990s. The only answer choice that specifically reinforces this idea is (A).

  10. B Whether is used to express a choice between alternatives. In this case, whether the bill is passed or not. If is used to show that one thing depends on another. When is used to refer to a time. Thus, the correct answer is (B).

  11. B Use POE. In order to fulfill the writer’s the goal, the concluding sentence should restate the main argument of the paragraph. The writer never discusses cheapness of food or argues that people should look up how food is grown. Eliminate (A) and (D). The writer briefly mentions in the third paragraph that labels, according to proponents of the bill, would provide important information and allow people to choose products that align with their beliefs; however, this idea is not the main argument of the last paragraph. Eliminate (C). Choice (B) restates the author’s point that so many products already contain GMOs that people are not buying products based on the information available (or lack thereof ), but rather they’re buy- ing what is available to them. The correct answer is (B).

  12. A Since all the phrases essentially mean the same thing, choose the one that is most concise and is in keeping with the style and tone of the passage. Eliminate (C) and (D) because they are informal in tone and are inconsistent with the style of the passage. Choice (B) is awkward when inserted into the sen- tence and is not as concise as (A). The best answer is therefore (A).

  13. B Notice that the pronouns are changing in the answer choices. Since a possessive pronoun is needed, (A) and (C) are incorrect. There refers to a location, and they’re is the contraction form for they are. To see if the pronoun should be singular or plural, look at the non-underlined portion. The sentence begins with Many businesses have been …. Therefore, a plural pronoun is needed. Eliminate (D), and the correct answer is (B).

  14. D Notice that the use of more versus most is changing in the answers choices. More is used when comparing two things while most is used when comparing more than two things. In the context of the passage, there are many employee concerns, one of which the writer is about to discuss, so eliminate (A) and (B). Since the underlined phrase needs to be incomplete, (C) is incorrect because it is a complete idea. Choice (D) is consistent with the non-underlined portion ( one of the most regularly dismissed ) and makes the phrase incomplete by dropping the subject, so it is the correct answer.

  15. B The sentence in the question refers to a diversified workforce and why this has made the metabolic equivalent measurement inaccurate. It also includes the transitional word however at the begin- ning of the sentence, indicating a shift from the previous sentence. Since this information provides an expla- nation as to why a measurement based on a 155-pound man is a flawed approach to workplace temperature determinations, (B) is the best answer. Choice (A) is wrong because the new sentence doesn’t support the previous sentence, which has as much to do with the average man becoming larger and heavier than in the 1930s as it has to do with women in the workplace. Since this sentence directly connects to the last sentence

  16. D Notice the question and be sure to choose the answer that addresses the future of efforts to decrease workplace expenditures and agrees with the main idea of the passage. Choices (B) and (C) do not offer conclusions that agree with the main idea of the passage. Choice (A) does not address efforts that would lead to a decrease in workplace expenditures since lowering temperatures is more costly. Therefore, (D) is the best answer choice since it fulfills both of the writer’s objectives.

  17. D Notice that the pronouns are changing in the answer choices. Since a possessive pronoun is not needed, (B) and (C) are incorrect. To see if the pronoun and verb should be singular or plural, look at the non-underlined portion. The sentence begins with Google is taking…. In order for the second part of the sentence to be consistent with the first, the correct answer is (D).

  18. B Since all the answer choices mean essentially the same thing, choose the most concise op- tion that makes sense in context. The date 19 0 0 has the same meaning as at the beginning (or turn) of the century, so the additional phrases in (A), (C), and (D) are redundant. The correct and most concise answer is (B).

  19. C Notice the question: it asks for the most specific information on the safety of elevators. Only (C) makes reference to what made the first safety-elevator safe—it wouldn’t fall in the event of a broken cable. While the other choices could be true, they are not consistent with the question being asked. The cor- rect answer is (C).

  20. A Since there is a colon in the underlined portion, check to see if the first part of the sentence is a complete idea. In this case, the first part ( These were.. ) is complete, so a colon can be used. The second part of the sentence ( these operators.. ) is also complete. Therefore, eliminate (B) and (D) because neither a comma by itself nor a FANBOYS by itself can separate two complete ideas. Choice (C) is incorrect because it contains no punctuation, leaving (A) as the correct answer.

2 7. A Notice that one of the answer choices is to DELETE the underlined portion. Check to see if a transition word is needed at the beginning of the sentence. If the sentence begins without a transition word, then there would be two complete ideas separated by a comma. Eliminate (D). Next pay attention to the type of transition words used. Choices (B) and (C) are same direction transition words while (A) in- dicates a contrast. A contrast is needed to show that even though success was expected, the public did not embrace the idea of the new technology. Therefore, (A) is the correct answer.

  1. B The question specifically asks for the most effective way to set up the paragraph. The next sentence begins with That year…, so the paragraph should begin with a reference to the year that is dis- cussed. Only (B) directly states in what year the strike occurred and is the correct answer.

  2. C As written, the sentence is awkward. The phrase upwards to is not idiomatically correct. Choice (B) is also awkward when inserted into the sentence, so (A) and (B) should be eliminated. The re- maining two choices are synonymous, so choose the most concise option, which is (C).

  3. B Notice the question: it asks for an additional example to emphasize the importance of less- ening public fear towards automated elevators. Choice (B) provides a supporting example of how people were able to test automated elevators in a safe environment (at state fairs, away from tall buildings) in order to become more comfortable using them. The other answer choices do not provide examples or introduce information that is off topic. Therefore, (B) the correct answer.

  4. C Since apostrophes appear in the answer choices, check to see if the word industry should be possessive. The experience belongs to the elevator industry , so an apostrophe is needed. Eliminate (A) and (D). The industry is singular, so (B) is incorrect. Thus, (C) is the correct answer.

  5. A The previous sentence states that Google is applying the lessons of history in a few creative ways. This sentence then goes on to give some examples of those creative ways. As such, For example, choice (A), provides the most suitable transition between the sentences. Choice (B) suggests a contrast where one does not belong. Choice (C) inserts the ambiguous pronoun that , which does not have a clear role within the sentence. Choice (D) uses the word surprisingly , but nothing in what follows is presented as particularly surprising.

  6. A Read the question carefully. The writer wants something that will conclude the paragraph while emphasizing the fact that skepticism continues to exist. Choice (A) is the only one of the choices that addresses this skepticism among users. Choices (B), (C), and (D), while all potentially true, address the func- tionality of the cars, not the attitudes people have about those cars. Therefore, (A) is the best of the answers in that it fulfills the goal stated in the question.

  7. B Notice that the pronouns are changing in the answer choices. Since a possessive pronoun is needed, (C) is incorrect. The pronoun should be consistent in number with the noun it refers to, so (A) is incorrect because Congus magus is a singular noun. The use of his would not be inappropriate here, since the writer is discussing snails as a species or group. The correct answer is (B).

  8. A The underlined portion should be consistent with the non-underlined portion. Check to see which transition would be appropriate in context. Choices (B), (C), and (D) all contain same direction transition words. However, the sentence is setting up a contrast—this species of snail is very interesting, but there’s one particular aspect of it that is very interesting to humans. Therefore, (A) is the correct answer be- cause a transition word that sets up a contrast ( while ) is needed.

  9. B Since the transition word is changing, check to see which one is consistent with the sen- tence as a whole. A contrast is needed to show the opposition between lethal and beneficial peptides. The only answer choice that contains a word that would set up a contrast is (B).

3 7. C When a pronoun is underlined, remember to check for precision. The use pronouns in (A) and (D) would not be as precise as the nouns used in (B) or (C), so eliminate (A) and (D). Between (B) and (C), choose the more concise option since the previous sentence already stated that ziconotide is a synthetic chemical. The best answer is (C).

Section 3 – Math (No Calculator)

  1. C Start by isolating the x term in the equation. Subtract 3 from both sides to get 14 = 8 x. Now, you want to find 4 x + 9, so instead of solving for x , divide by 2 to solve for 4 x : 7 = 4 x. Add 9 to both sides to get 16 = 4 x + 9, which is (C).

  2. B Plug In! Start with h = 2. One hour after sunrise, the temperature will equal 5(2) + 61 = 10 + 61 = 71. One hour later, h = 3, so the temperature will be 5(3) + 61 = 15 + 61 = 76. The tem- perature increased 76 – 71 = 5 degrees in one hour, which matches (B).

  3. D Start by RTFQ: you want to know what “4” represents in the model. Next, label what you know: H is the number of houses left, and t is the number of hours worked. Next, try POE. “4” is associ- ated with time; (C) doesn’t have anything to do with time, so eliminate it. Try Plug-and-Play. Make t = 2, so H = 35 – 4(2) = 35 – 8 = 27, so after 2 hours, Lee has 27 houses left to inspect. Choice (A) isn’t fitting in; it’s going to take longer than 4 hours to finish all the houses if he still has 27 left after 2 hours, so eliminate (A). Choice (B) doesn’t make sense, as Lee has already inspected 8 houses, not 4, so eliminate (B) and choose (D).

  4. C There are a couple of approaches that work here. One is to Plug In. Make x = 2. The prob- lem becomes y = 4(3(2) – 1)(5(2) – 1) = 4(5)(9) = 180. This is your target; circle it. Make x = 2 in each answer choice and eliminate any choice which doesn’t equal 180. The only choice that works is (C).

Alternatively, you can FOIL the right side of the equation: y = 4 (15 x 2 – 3 x – 5 x + 1) = 4(15 x 2 – 8 x + 1) = 60 x 2

  • 32 x + 4, which is (C).
  1. B Start by cross-multiplying: 7 x = 2(2 x – 30). Distribute the 2 on the right side of the equa- tion: 7 x = 4 x – 60. Subtract 4 x from both sides: 3 x = −60. Divide both sides by 3: x = −20. Be careful! The question is asking for

x 2 , so you need to divide both sides by 2:

x 2 = −10, which is (B).

  1. D You could Plug In the Answers on this question, but the answer choices are not nice to Plug In, so solve the question algebraically instead. Start by multiplying both sides by y – 7 to clear the fraction: 4( y – 7) = y + 7. Distribute the 4 on the left side of the equation: 4 y – 28 = y + 7. Subtract y from both sides: 3 y – 28 = 7. Add 28 to both sides: 3 y = 35. Finally, divide both sides by 3 to find that y = 35 3 , which is (D).

  2. A Find the slope-intercept forms of the equations of the two lines, y = mx + b , where m stands for slope and b stands for the y -intercept. First, use the slope formula to find the slope of line l yy xx

:= −

21 =

21

53

21

2:. To find the y- intercept, plug in a point for the x and y values. Using (1, 3), you get 3

= 2(1) + b , or 3 = 2 + b. Subtract 2 from both sides to find b = 1, so the equation of line l is y = 2 x + 1. You are

already given the slope of line m , so you can do the same with the point (1, 4) to find b : 4 = 1 + b. Subtract 1 from both sides and b = 3, so the equation of line m is y = x + 3. At the point of intersection the x and y values are equal, so you can set the x portions of the equations equal to each other: 2 x + 1 = x + 3. Subtract x from both sides to get x + 1 = 3. Subtract 1 from both sides to find x = 2. To find the y -value at the point of intersection, plug x = 2 into one of the original equations: y = 2(2) + 1, so y = 5. Therefore, ( a, b ) is (2, 5). Finally, the question wants a – b , so 2 – 5 = −3, which is (A).

  1. D When two graphs intersect, the x -values are equal and the y -values are equal. The y -values of the points of intersection are 36 (because all points on the line y = 36 have a y -value of 36). Make y = 36 in the equation of the parabola and solve for the x -values of the points of intersec- tion. If 36 = ( x + 4) 2 , you can solve by first taking the square root of both sides (remember that you’ll get positive AND negative values on the left side!): ±6 = x + 4. It will be easier to break this into two equations: 6 = x + 4 and −6 = x + 4. Subtract 4 from both sides of both equations to get 2 = x and −10 = x. That gives you two points: (2, 36) and (−10, 36). You don’t need the distance formula because the y -values are equal; simply take the positive difference of the x -values: 2 – (−10) = 12, (D).

  2. C If f (2) = 6, then when x = 2, the function is equal to 6. Put these values into the equa- tion and solve for c : 6 = −2(2 2 ) + c ; 6 = −8 + c ; c = 14. Then, make x = −2 with the known value of c = 14: f (−2) = –2(–2) 2 + 14 = −8 + 14 = 6, which is (C).

  3. D Apply the Geometry Basic Approach, but use some flexibility and Plugging In. Because there is already a diagram, start with labeling what you can. There are no values given in the question, but you do have a relationship among the angles with measures a °, b °, c °, and d °. Because the angles with mea- sures a ° and d ° are opposite angles, they must be equal; make a = d = 50 and label it in the diagram. Plug- ging those values into the equation gives you 50 + c = b + 50. If you subtract 50 from both sides, you get c = b. Angles with measures b ° and c ° also complete the straight angle with the angle with measure a °. a + b + c = 180, and because a = 50 and b = c , 50 + b + b = 180; 50 + 2 b = 180; 2 b = 130; b = 65. Label b = 65 and c = 65. Because the angle with measure e ° is opposite the angle with measure b °, the angle with measure e ° must also equal 65°. Because the angle with measure c is opposite the angle with measure f, f must equal 65°. Now that you have all angles indicated, you can go to the answers. You’re looking for the choice that could be false, so eliminate anything that must be true. Both b and c are 65°, so eliminate (A). The same is true for e ° and f °; eliminate (B). Angles with measures c ° and f ° are also both 65°, so eliminate (C) and choose (D).

  4. A This problem is a bit on the wordy side, so be sure to start with Reading the Full Ques- tion. The question wants the average price of a cup of coffee when the two prices are equal; in other words, what’s the value of T when T = M? To find this, set the two right sides of the equations equal to each other to find y , then plug that value back in to either equation to find T. First, setting the two equations equal to each other yields 1 + 0 y = 2 + 0 y. You want to isolate y , so start by subtracting 0 y from both

Next split the fraction into two to get

±

q q − r 3 2

9

2

2

2

. Use Bite-Sized Pieces to solve. The first fraction

becomes −=−=− qqq 3

2

3

1

26

÷×. Eliminate (C) and (D). Next, determine a way to get rid of the fraction

in the numerator of the second fraction. To do so, multiply 2 r by

9

9 to get

q r

22 q r 9

2 9

99

18

9

− =−.

Factor out a

1

9 to get

1

9

18 1

3

() qr 22 − =− qr 18. Now it’s clear that the radical in the numerator should

be qr 2 − 18 , which means the correct answer is (A).

  1. 5 Isolate x by first adding 25 to both sides of the equation to get x 2 = 25. Next, take the square root of both sides to get x = ± 5. Because the question indicates that x > 0, x must equal the positive value 5.

5

13 or .384 or .385 Remember SOHCAHTOA. cos=

adjacent hypotenuse

. Therefore, the adjacent

side of angle a is equal to 5, and the hypotenuse of the triangle is equal to 13. sin= opposite hypotenuse

. The oppo-

site side of angle b is equal to 5, and the hypotenuse of the triangle is 13. Therefore, sin b ° =

5

13.

  1. 130 Start by labeling the angle with measure c as 65. Because two sides of the triangle are equal, you also know that the other angle adjacent to line m is also equal to 65. Because these angles are part of a triangle, and all triangles have 180°, the measure of the remaining angle is 180 – 65 – 65 = 50; label that as well. To find b , use the equation given; if c = 65, then 180 – 2(65) = b , so 180 – 130 = 50 = b ; label the angle with measure b as 50. Finally, to find a , you know that the full circle around the middle of the two triangles is 360°, so 50 + 50 + a + a = 360, or 100 + 2 a = 360. Subtract 100 from both sides: 2 a = 260. Divide both sides by 2, and you get a = 130.

  2. 2 To find a , you want to find a way to clear the b terms from the system of equations. The coefficients on the b terms are 3 and 1, so you can multiply the second equation by −3 and add the equations together. Multiplying the second equation by −3 gives you −3 a – 3 b = 6. Stack the equations and add:

a + 3 b = −

  • (−3 a – 3 b = 6) −2 a = −

Divide both sides by −2 and you find that a = 2.

20.

17

4

or 4 There are many ways to isolate y in this question. One of the more straightforward ways is to actually find x first by clearing the y terms. The coefficients on y are 8 and −4, so if you multiply the second equation by 2 and add the two equations together, the y terms cancel. Multiplying the second equation by 2 gives you 6 x – 8 y = 86; stack this with the first equation and add:

2 x + 8 y = 74

  • 6 x – 8 y = 86 8 x = 160

Divide both sides by 8 to find that x = 20. Now, go back to one of the original equations to find y. In the first equation, make x = 20: 2(20) + 8 y = 74; 40 + 8 y = 74. Isolate y by first subtracting 40 from both sides: 8 y = 34. Next, divide both sides by 8: y =

34

8 , or 4. The fraction will fit into the Grid-In boxes, so you don’t need to simplify.

Section 4 – Math (Calculator Allowed)

  1. C If Casey stopped for breakfast, then she isn’t moving relative to her home. Therefore, you want the point on the graph where the y -value (distance from home) isn’t changing for 45 minutes. That can be found between the hours of 10 a. and 11 a. It looks as though she stopped somewhere shortly after 10 a., making (C) the best answer.

  2. B As with any Math question with figures, start by reading the axes. The vertical axis is “Sales (in thousands of homes)” and the horizontal axis is “Years since 2002.” Next, Read the Full Question. Be- cause the question wants the trend in home sales from 2002 through 2014, and the vertical axis is years since 2002, the answer should describe the behavior of the entire graph. This graph increases until 5 years after 2002 (which would be 2002 + 5 = 2007), then decreases. This matches (B).

  3. A Because both pairs of lines are parallel, all big angles are equal, all small angles are equal, and any big angle plus any small angle equals 180°. Angle 1 is a big angle, and angle 2 is a small angle, so ∠1 + ∠2 = 180°. If angle 1 is 135°, then 135° + ∠2 = 180°. Subtract 135 from both sides to find that ∠2 = 45°, (A).

  4. B Use values from the chart to see which equation works. According to the chart when x = 2, g ( x ) = 4. So, in the answers plug in 2 for x and see which answer returns a value of 4. Choice (A) becomes 2(2) – 1 = 3. Eliminate (A). Choice (B) becomes 3(2) – 2 = 4. Keep (B) but check the remaining answers just in case. Choice (C) becomes 4(2) – 3 = 5. Eliminate (C). Choice (D) becomes 5(2) – 4 = 6. Eliminate (D).

Cracking New SAT 2016 PT5 Answers – Copy

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