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Naming Compounds PSc.2.2.3

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Naming Ionic Binary Compounds Metal — Nonmetal NaClSodium Chloride KBrPotassium Bromide Calcium Oxide CaO First element – No change in name. Second element – Change ending to –IDE.

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Naming Ionic Binary Compounds Metal — Nonmetal KClPotassium Chloride LiBrLithium Bromide Calcium Chloride CaCl 2 First element : No change in name. Second element : Change ending to – IDE.

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Naming Ionic Binary Compounds you try LiFLithium Fluoride BaOBarium Oxide Calcium Sulfide CaS First element : No change in name Second element : Change ending to – IDE.

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Naming Covalent Compounds Nonmetal — Nonmetal COCarbon Oxide We need to differentiate between the two CO 2 One oxygen Two oxygens

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Naming Covalent Compounds Nonmetal — Nonmetal NONitrogen Oxide We need to differentiate between the two NO 2 One oxygen Two oxygens

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Naming Covalent Compounds COCarbon Oxide To differentiate the two we use Prefixes; Mono1Tetra4 Di2Penta5 Tri3Hexa6 CO 2 One oxygen Two oxygen

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Naming Covalent Compounds CO Carbon monoxide CO 2 One oxygen Two oxygens Carbon dioxide

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Naming Covalent Compounds NO Nitrogen monoxide NO 2 One oxygen Two oxygensNitrogen dioxide N2O3N2O3 Dinitrogen trioxide Two nitrogens Three oxygens

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Naming covalent compounds using prefixes CO Carbon mono-oxide BH 3 Boron tri-hydride SiO 2 PO 5 Phosphorous penta-oxide Carbon tetra-fluoride Silicon di-oxide CF 4 SF 6 Sulfur hexa-fluoride

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Naming Compounds formed between metals of ambiguous oxidation state and nonmetals. Metals in Group 3 to Group 14 can have different oxidation states Distinguish the different oxidation state using roman numerals Arabic numbers and Roman numerals 1(I)6(VI) 2(II)7(IIV) 3(III)8(VIII) 4(IV)9(IX) 5(V)10(X)

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Naming Compounds with Metal — Nonmetal TiCl 2 Titanium (II) Chloride TiCl 4 Titanium (IV) Chloride SnCl 2 Tin (II) Chloride SnCl 4 Tin (IV) Chloride PbOLead (II) Oxide PbO 2 Lead (IV) Oxide First element – No change, add ( I ) or ( II ). Second element – Change ending to –IDE.

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Naming ionic and covalent compounds NONitrogen monoxide (Covalent) AlH 3 Aluminum hydride (Ionic) BaCl 2 N2O5N2O5 Dinitrogen pentoxide(Covalent) Tin (IV) chloride(Ionic) Barium chloride (Ionic) SnCl 4 PbO 2 Lead (VI) oxide (Ionic)

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Charge of positive Ions To determine the charge of an ion use the periodic table Group 1 elements form ions with a +1 charge Group 2 elements form ions with a +2 charge Group3 and Group13 elements mostly form ions with a +3 charge Group 4 and 14 elements form ions with a +4 charge This rule applies for the most common ions. Elements can form less common ions, these have different charges.

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Charge of negative Ions To determine the charge of an ion use the periodic table Group 17 elements form ions with a -1 charge Group 16 elements form ions with a -2 charge Group 15 elements form ions with a -3 charge This rule applies for the most common ions. Elements can form less common ions, These have different charges.

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Polyatomic ions Memorize these Acetate ( C 2 H 3 O 2 ) -1 or (Ac) – Ammonium (NH 4 ) +1 Hydroxide (OH) -1 Carbonate (CO 3 ) -2 Hydrogen Carbonate (HCO 3 ) -1 Nitrate (NO 3 ) -1 Nitrite (NO 2 ) -1 Sulfate (SO 4 ) -2 Sulfite (SO 3 ) -2 Phosphate (PO 4 ) -3 Phosphite (PO 3 ) -3

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Ionic compounds Lead (II) Acetate Pb( C 2 H 3 O 2 ) 2 Tin (IV) chloride SnCl 4 Ammonium hydroxide (NH 4 ) (OH) Lead (IV) nitrate Pb (NO 3 ) 4 Potassium Hydroxide K(OH) Aluminum oxide Al 2 O 3 Magnesium Carbonate Mg(CO 3 ) Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate NaHCO 3 Calcium Nitrate Ca(NO 3 ) 2 Potassium Nitrite K(NO 2 ) Lead (II) Sulfate Pb (SO 4 ) Magnesium Sulfite Mg(SO 3 ) Calcium Phosphate Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 Potassium Phosphite K 3 (PO 3 )

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You are watching: Naming Compounds PSc Naming Ionic Binary Compounds Metal — Nonmetal NaClSodium Chloride KBrPotassium Bromide Calcium Oxide CaO First element –. Info created by GBee English Center selection and synthesis along with other related topics.