RNAProtein Synthesis-Gizmo

University: Pima Community College

Course: General Biology I: (Majors) SUN# BIO1181 (BIO181IN)

39 Documents

Students shared 39 documents in this course

Name: Date:

Student Exploration: RNA and Protein Synthesis

Directions: Go to https://www.explorelearning.com/ to access the simulation. Follow the instructions to

go through the simulation. Respond to the questions and prompts in the orange boxes below.

Vocabulary: amino acid, anticodon, codon, gene, messenger RNA, nucleotide, ribosome, RNA, RNA

polymerase, transcription, transfer RNA, translation

Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE using the Gizmo.)

1. Suppose you want to design and build a house. How would you communicate your design plans with the

construction crew that would work on the house?

2. Cells build large, complicated molecules, such as proteins. What do you think cells use as their “design

plans” for proteins?

Gizmo Warm-up

Just as a construction crew uses blueprints to build a house, a cell uses DNA

as plans for building proteins. In addition to DNA, another nucleic acid, called

RNA, is involved in making proteins. In the RNA and Protein Synthesis Gizmo,

you will use both DNA and RNA to construct a protein out of amino acids.

1. DNA is composed of the bases adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and

thymine (T). RNA is composed of adenine, cytosine, guanine, and uracil

(U).

Look at the SIMULATION pane. Is the displayed segment a part of a DNA

or RNA molecule? How do you know?

2. RNA polymerase is a type of enzyme. Enzymes help chemical reactions

occur quickly. Click the Release enzyme button, and describe what happens.

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You are watching: Name: Date: Student Exploration: RNA and Protein Synthesis Directions:. Info created by GBee English Center selection and synthesis along with other related topics.