What is Literacy Rate?
• A literate person is one who can read and
write.
• It is a major factor in whether a person can
get a job and be successful in the workplace.
• A country’s literacy rate is the percentage of
the population over age 15 that can read and
write.

• The standard of living (“economic level”
achieved by a person, family, or country) is
often higher in countries where the literacy
rate is high.
High Literacy Rate = High Standard of Living

• The goalgoal of every country is to have 100%is to have 100%
literacy rates among its people.
• One reason that many people cannot
read/write is that their communities cannot
afford to pay for teachers or schools.

Cycle of Poverty
• Having basic reading & writing skills is very important .
– Without skills, workers are stuck in the lowest-paying
jobs.
• A cycle of poverty can develop when people cannot get
an education.
– The uneducated are forced to get low-paying jobs, so
they cannot get enough money to pay for their
children’s education – the cycle continues for
generations.
• The standard of living remains low for these families
because their education level is low.

Languages Of Europe
Over 200 native languages in Europe
Most can be put into three categories
-Germanic -( English and German). The largest native
group with 20% of European speaking a Germanic
Language.
-Romance -( Italian, French & Spanish). These language
come from Latin- the language of the Roman Empire-
Romance.
-Slavic- (Russian) mostly Northern and Eastern European
Countries. Include Russia. Written in the Cyrillic
Alphabet.

Languages Of Europe
– The European Union ( EU) recognizes 24
official languages in Europe.
– Because of the language diversity European
school children usually learn 1-2 other
languages in addition to their native one.
– Over ½ ( 400 million) Europeans speak English
because it is often a choice for their 2nd
language.

Germany: Literacy Rate
• The literacy rate in Germany is 99-100%99-100%
* Students in
Germany must attend
school through the 9th
grade. After that
students either go to
a trade school or keep
attending public
school until the 13th
grade ( roughly 18
years old) If they
want to go to college.
*

Germany:Language
The official language
of Germany and
Austria is German.German.
– Germanic Language
Follow the link to
here a song sung in
German!!
http://genkienglish.
net/learntospeakger
man/hallowiegehts.
htm

Customs: OktoberfestOktoberfest
“Oktoberfest is a 16-day festival held each year in Munich, Bavaria, Germany,
running from late September to early October. It is one of the most famous events in
Germany and the world’s largest fair, with some six million people attending every
year. The Oktoberfest is an important part of Bavarian culture”- Definition from
Wikipedia.com
Wurstl- tradition
Bavarian
Sausage
Children dressed in tradition
Bavarian Dress
Bavarian – the old name of Germany. The culture od
Germany and the high Alps region is called Bavarian Culture.
Yodeling is traditional form of
music commonly found at
Oktoberfest.

St. Nicholas Day is celebrated on December 6th in Germany as
well as in other European countries. On the evening before the
6th, children place their newly cleaned shoes in front of the door
in the hope that Nicholas might fill them with nuts, fruits,
chocolate, and sweets.
Germany:
Traditions
Traditions: The Christmas Tree
originated in Germany. A fir
tree was brought in to the house
and decorated with candles in
honor of the Advent. Later
candies and stripes of cloth were
tied to the tree for decorations.

RUSSIA: Literacy Rate
Russia’s Literacy rate is
99-100%
Russia has a free education
system guaranteed to all citizens
by the Constitution and has a
literacy rate of 99.4%.Entry to
higher education is highly
competitive.As a result of great
emphasis on science and
technology in education, Russian
medical, mathematical,
scientific, and space and aviation
research is generally of a high
order- from Wikipedia.com
Follow link to here the Russian alphabet
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_alphabet

Russia: Language
Russianis a Slavic Language
Between 145-160 million speak Russian ( based on 2008
estimation)
A Russian Proverb
Руководитель без народа, что цветок без солнца
Translation: A ruler without a nation is like a flower without
the sun

RUSSIA: Customs
Ballet is a highly prized art form in Russia
http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=YWj4VRmlaBA&feature=BFa&l
ist=UL4E9jD5GSS0U

One tradition in Russia is to eat milk pudding
and cheesecake on Christmas.
RUSSIA: Traditions
Milk Pudding
Cheesecake

Country Literacy
Rate
Language Customs Traditions
Germany 99-100% German
(Germanic
Language)
Oktoberfest
Bavarian
Culture in the
Mountains
Christmas-
gave us first
Christmas tree
Russia 99-100% Russian
(Slavic
Language)
Ballet
originated in
Russia
Christmas

France: Customs
Bastille DayBastille Day
“Liberté, égalité, fraternité”- Liberty, Equality, Fraternity ( motto of the French Revolution &
France)
Bastille Day is the French national holiday which is celebrated on 14 July each year. It
commemorates the 1790 storming of the Bastille fortress-prison was seen as a symbol of the
uprising of the modern nation, and of the reconciliation of all the French inside the
constitutional monarchy which preceded the First Republic, during the French Revolution.-
definition from Wikipedia.com
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m9UapuC-Ytc&feature=related

ChristmasChristmas
In France during Christmas there are family reunions,
gifts, and candy for the children. There are also gifts for
the poor and people give to charities. Because France
is 80% Roman Catholic and most families attend
Midnight Mass on Christmas Eve.
France: Traditions

Country Literacy
Rate
Language Customs Traditions
Germany 99-100% German
(Germanic
Language)
Oktoberfest
Bavarian
Culture in the
Mountains
Christmas-
gave us first
Christmas tree
Russia 99-100% Russian
(Slavic
Language)
Ballet
originated in
Russia
Christmas
France 99% French
(Romantic
Language)
Bastille Day-
July 14. Ended
the Monarchy
in France.
Christmas-
Midnight Mass
France is 80%
Roman
Catholic

Italy: Language
– ItalianItalian is the official
language of Italy
– Italian is one of the
Romance languages.
Follow the link to hear some
phrases in Italian
http://www.bbc.co.uk/langu
ages/italian/guide/phrases.s
html
How to say hello in Italian:
Ciaoan informal term for Hello.
It can also be used for Goodbye.

Italy: Customs
OperaOpera
A very popular form of performing arts that originated in
Italy.
Follow the link to see an Opera
performance:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=RxKjDUrmecA&feature=related
Clip from Phantom of the Opera
copyrighted 2004 by Odyssey
Entertainment.

Italy: Traditions
• Christmas & EasterChristmas & Easter are major holidays.
• Italy is the home to the head of the Roman
Catholic Church. The Pope lives in Vatican
City in Rome.

United Kingdom: Literacy Rate
The Literacy Rate is 99%99%..
The UK is home to some
very famous and old
university’s such as
Oxford (England),
Cambridge (England), &
St. Andrews (Scotland).

United Kingdom: Language
EnglishEnglish is the official Language of the United
Kingdom. It is a Germanic Language. Other
Languages commonly spoke in the UK are Gaelic
(Irish), Celtic (Scottish), and Welsh (Wales)

United Kingdom: Customs
In England afternoon teaafternoon tea is a custom that has
carried on for centuries. Traditionally at four
o’clock every afternoon, afternoon tea is served hot
with small pastries or sandwich’s.

United Kingdom: Traditions
The United Kingdom has been steeped in traditions and customs for centuries. Some of
the unique celebrations are the Highland Games (Scotland), Guy Fawkes Day (England),Highland Games (Scotland), Guy Fawkes Day (England),
Boxing Day (England), and Cheese Rolling (England) and singing traditional musicBoxing Day (England), and Cheese Rolling (England) and singing traditional music.

Country Literacy
Rate
Language Customs Traditions
Italy 98% Italian
(Romantic
Language)
Opera Christmas &
Easter
Rome is home
to the Pope,
the head of the
Catholic
Church.
United
Kingdom
99% English
(Germanic
Language)
Also Welsh,
Celtic, &
Gaelic in other
parts.
Afternoon Tea Many
traditions from
Scotland,
Wales &
England.

The End
La Fin- French
Ende- German
το τέλος (to télos)- Greek
В конце (V kontse)- Russian
alla fine- Italian

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