You can use the following basic syntax to remove axis labels in ggplot2:

ggplot(df, aes(x=x, y=y))+ geom_point() + theme(axis.text.x=element_blank(), #remove x axis labels axis.ticks.x=element_blank(), #remove x axis ticks axis.text.y=element_blank(), #remove y axis labels axis.ticks.y=element_blank() #remove y axis ticks )

The following examples show how to use this syntax in practice.

Example 1: Remove X-Axis Labels

The following code shows how to remove x-axis labels from a scatterplot in ggplot2:

library(ggplot2) #create data frame df <- data.frame(x=c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10), y=c(11, 13, 15, 14, 19, 22, 28, 25, 30, 29)) #create scatterplot ggplot(df, aes(x=x, y=y))+ geom_point() + theme(axis.text.x=element_blank(), axis.ticks.x=element_blank() )

Notice that only the x-axis labels (and tick marks) have been removed.

Example 2: Remove Y-Axis Labels

The following code shows how to remove y-axis labels from a scatterplot in ggplot2:

library(ggplot2) #create data frame df <- data.frame(x=c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10), y=c(11, 13, 15, 14, 19, 22, 28, 25, 30, 29)) #create scatterplot ggplot(df, aes(x=x, y=y))+ geom_point() + theme(axis.text.y=element_blank(), axis.ticks.y=element_blank() )

Notice that just the y-axis labels (and tick marks) have been removed.

Example 3: Remove Both Axis Labels

The following code shows how to remove labels from both axes in a scatterplot in ggplot2:

library(ggplot2) #create data frame df <- data.frame(x=c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10), y=c(11, 13, 15, 14, 19, 22, 28, 25, 30, 29)) #create scatterplot ggplot(df, aes(x=x, y=y))+ geom_point() + theme(axis.text.x=element_blank(), axis.ticks.x=element_blank(), axis.text.y=element_blank(), axis.ticks.y=element_blank() )

The labels and tick marks on both axes have been removed.

Additional Resources

The following tutorials explain how to perform other common functions in ggplot2:

How to Remove a Legend in ggplot2
How to Remove Gridlines in ggplot2
How to Rotate Axis Labels in ggplot2

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