How do you graph $y = 3\sin 2x$ ?

Answer

293.1k+ views

Hint: We are given a function of sine that we have to plot on the graph. For plotting any function on the graph, we first convert the given function to the standard form and then compare it with the standard equation, this way we can find out how the graph should be plotted. The standard form of the sine equation is $y = A\sin (Bx + C) + D$ .

Complete step by step solution:

Comparing $y = 3\sin 2x$ with the standard form $y = A\sin (Bx + C) + D$ , we get –

$A = 3,\,B = 2,\,C = 0\,and\,D = 0$

Thus, the given sine function has peak values at 3 and -3, that is, it oscillates between 3 and -3 and the given sine function completes two oscillations between 0 and $2\pi $ , but for plotting the graph, we have to find out the period of the function. Period of a sine function is –

$

p = \dfrac{{2\pi }}{B} \\

\Rightarrow p = \dfrac{{2\pi }}{2} = \pi \\

$

That is the given function repeats the oscillation after every $\pi $ radians, it completes 1 oscillation in the interval 0 to $\pi $ .

Now, We know all the quantities for plotting the graph of the given function, so the graph of $y = 3\sin 2x$ is plotted as follows –

Note: We know that the general form of the sine function is $y = A\sin (Bx + C) + D$ where

– A is the amplitude, that is, A tells us the value of the peaks of the function.

– B is the frequency, that is, B tells us the number of oscillations a function does in a fixed interval.

– The horizontal and vertical shift of a function is denoted by C and D respectively. The value of C and D is zero for the given function, so there is no horizontal or vertical shift.

Complete step by step solution:

Comparing $y = 3\sin 2x$ with the standard form $y = A\sin (Bx + C) + D$ , we get –

$A = 3,\,B = 2,\,C = 0\,and\,D = 0$

Thus, the given sine function has peak values at 3 and -3, that is, it oscillates between 3 and -3 and the given sine function completes two oscillations between 0 and $2\pi $ , but for plotting the graph, we have to find out the period of the function. Period of a sine function is –

$

p = \dfrac{{2\pi }}{B} \\

\Rightarrow p = \dfrac{{2\pi }}{2} = \pi \\

$

That is the given function repeats the oscillation after every $\pi $ radians, it completes 1 oscillation in the interval 0 to $\pi $ .

Now, We know all the quantities for plotting the graph of the given function, so the graph of $y = 3\sin 2x$ is plotted as follows –

Note: We know that the general form of the sine function is $y = A\sin (Bx + C) + D$ where

– A is the amplitude, that is, A tells us the value of the peaks of the function.

– B is the frequency, that is, B tells us the number of oscillations a function does in a fixed interval.

– The horizontal and vertical shift of a function is denoted by C and D respectively. The value of C and D is zero for the given function, so there is no horizontal or vertical shift.

Last updated date: 07th Sep 2023

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