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Gizmo RNA Protein Synthesis

University: University of California Los Angeles

Course: Geography 3 (Geography 3)

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Student Exploration: RNA and Protein Synthesis

Everyone uses the same login: ELM_SCIENCE password: 123456

Directions: Follow the instructions.Respond to the questions and prompts in the orange boxes.

Vocabulary: amino acid, anticodon, codon, gene, messenger RNA, nucleotide, ribosome, RNA, RNA

polymerase, transcription, transfer RNA, translation

Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE using the Gizmo.)

1. Suppose you want to design and build a house. How would you communicate your design plans with the

construction crew that would work on the house?

2. Cells build large, complicated molecules, such as proteins. What do you think cells use as their “design

plans” for proteins?

Gizmo Warm-up

Just as a construction crew uses blueprints to build a house, a cell uses DNA

as plans for building proteins. In addition to DNA, another nucleic acid, called

RNA, is involved in making proteins. In the RNA and Protein Synthesis Gizmo,

you will use both DNA and RNA to construct a protein out of amino acids.

3. DNA is composed of the bases adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and

thymine (T). RNA is composed of adenine, cytosine, guanine, and uracil (U).

Look at the SIMULATION pane. Is the displayed segment a part of a DNA

or RNA molecule? How do you know?

4. RNA polymerase is a type of enzyme. Enzymes help chemical reactions

occur quickly. Click the Release enzyme button, and describe what happens.

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