Figurative Language And The Language
“He ate and drank the precious words, His spirit grew robust” (Dickens, 1587). This is a beautiful, visual representation of one finding pleasure from
what they are reading. Thus, there are different types of linguistic phenomena, one of which is figurative language. It is a person’s way to saturate the
mind with profound thoughts centered around its meaning. It has an interesting background, covers a wide array of literary devices, is applied within
different types of writing, and people employ these devices within their daily language.
Figurative language is a constructive way to communicate ideas using expressions, unlike its opposite idea which is literal interpretations. “Figurative
language, in comparison, uses exaggerations or…show more content…
There are a few different literary devices found within figurative language. The most common types of writing including literature and poetry this is
where most figurative languages are found. “At the end of the 19th century, the American rhetorician John F. Genung described this literary device
as an “intentional deviation from the plain and ordinary mode of speaking, for the sake of greater effect” (Oxford, 2017). However, by the late 20th
century the American critic Joseph T. Shipley changed the meaning of figurative language when he perceived that, “Figures are as old as language.
They lie buried in many words of current use. They are the backbone of slang. They occur constantly in both prose and poetry” (Oxford, 2017). Then
another change of perspective happened around the year 1970 when “figurative language” started to consist of “figures of speech”. This resulted in a
transformation from the linguistic deviation it once was. Therefore, “Many types of figurative language are used in English writing, which includes
similes, metaphors, idioms, hyperbole, personification, irony, and more” (Comstock). Hyperboles change the concept expressed and are not meant to
be taken literally while they still create humor. Metaphors involve applying the description to a phrase in reality that is not applicable while still using
the words like or as. Personification that is used within figurative language increases the readers ‘ understanding of what the writer wants to
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Figurative Language And Metaphors
We were all taught about similes and metaphors at school: figurative language that allows us to not only read about something, but to help create a
picture in our head. For example, the phrase ‘her eyes were blue’ is very plain and to–the–point. ‘Her eyes were as bright as stars’ makes them seem
bright, welcoming, sparkling. ‘She had stars for eyes’ is much more vivid, even though technically it says the same thing. Metaphors offer much more
vivid imagery because they say something is something else. When you declare that something is something else, not just like it, it shows a strength in
your conviction and a confidence in what you’re saying. That being said, metaphors are much more difficult (in my opinion) to come up with. All things
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The use of figurative language in writing brings a story to life in the mind of the reader giving them a better grasp of the events taking place. Using
hyperbole, simile and personification serves to develop the characters of a story as well as enhancing its theme (Kirszner and Mandell, 2012).
In the short story, “A Good Man Is Hard to Find”, written by Mary Flannery O’Conner, she uses hyperbole in the story to paint a picture of the
children’s mother in the mind of the reader. O’Conner (1955) wrote: “Bailey didn’t look up from his reading so she wheeled around then and faced
the children’s mother, a young woman in slacks, whose face was as broad and innocent as a cabbage and was tied around with a green headkerchief
that had two points on the top like a rabbit’s ears” (p. 296). Although the author does not provide a name for the character, the reader is able to picture
the woman in their minds eye, thereby developing a strong impression of the character. Kirszner and Mandell (2012), in their analysis…show more
content…
An author’s ability to bring to life an inanimate object by applying human characteristics is important because it allows the reader to visualize what
is taking place and draw a conclusion about the event (Kirszner and Mandell, 2012). For example, in John Updike’s short story “A&P”, such figure
of speech is used as Sammy is bagging the jar of herrings purchased by Queenie and the other girls. Updike (1961) wrote: “…and nestle the herrings
in a bag and twist its neck and hand it over, all the time thinking” (p. 164). By giving the grocery bag a human characteristic the reader sees and feels
the discontent and frustration felt by Sammy. It also allows the reader to conclude that Sammy is thinking he would like to twist the neck of Lengel,
the store manager, in like manner. This use of personification set the stage for Sammy’s knee jerk reaction to Lengel’s confrontation with the
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The F. Scott Fitzgerland who’s an author of the Great Gatsby passage usage of diction, image, details, figurative language and different type of
structures of the sentence creates the passage more visible and understandable.For example, the author uses a word” the valley of ashes” to describe
the valley. Furthermore, he creates an image in the reader’s mind with descriptive and concise words for the valley in the better structure of the
sentence. Besides, he also uses the figurative language to create a better image that helps the reader to comprehend. Moreover, he uses detail such as
the eye of doctor T.j. are blue and gigantic, to convince the reader to ponder about how it’s important to the story. Overall, the author would have a
…show more content…
Details are the significant part of the story that gives clues to the reader what’s going on the scene. For example, from the Great Gatsby passage:
The eye of Doctor T.J. are blue and gigantic. This phrase states that the author is attempting to make the reader ponder about how is the eye
relevant to the story and what does it have to do with the valley. Besides, it gives them clues about what does doctor T.J’s eyes symbolize. On the
passage, there’s another example of the detail that plays a significant role in letting the reader know about the situation. For example, The valley of
ashes is bounded on one side by a small foul river. This sentence also acts as a detail of the passage because it provides the fact of the valley of
ashes saying that the valley also has a small river. Because of this details, it shows that the author provided everything that assists the reader to
comprehend the scene. Language level is the characteristics of the body of words used, and the dictions also reflects the language standards of the
author in the passage. Besides, in the passage, the author said that that the passengers on waiting trains can stare at the dismal scene for as long as half
an hour. In this phrase, the author emphasizes the site with a usage of a smile to create an image for better understanding, and he’s saying that they
stare at the scene for half an hour which seems unusual and extended to many people. Similarly, the passage
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Syntax And Figurative Language Essay
Living simply and with just enough to get by, the Brangwens are a hardworking folk who cling to a strict adherence to the expected gender roles of
the late 1800’s English countryside. While the husband feels satisfied by his grueling work in the fields, his wife remains unfulfilled by her role of
managing the home. She craves to explore the unknown, beyond the constraints of their family farm and one–dimensional life. In D.H Lawrence’s The
Rainbow, the use of syntax and figurative language highlights the contrast between the roles of men and women in the late nineteenth century and
exposes the wife’s yearning for knowledge and transcendence.
Throughout the excerpt, Lawrence employs syntax to highlight the juxtaposition between the men and…show more content…
Women in history have long been oppressed, with their maltreatment ranging from the denial of basic human rights to more subtle maltreatment such
as the subjugation to gender roles. The wife “wanted to know, and be of the fighting host”, mirroring the desire of women in history to break free of
the chains of society (p. 3). In like manner, the hyperbolic description of the vicar reveals how vital it is to women to be able to be free. Though he
is not as physically strong, he is emotionally and intellectually superior to any man. He “moved in worlds beyond where her own menfolk existed”
and the wife desperately wanted to know why (p. 3). She decided it was not anything on the physical realm that would satisfy her– it was
transcendence. This self–realization would free women and allow them to raise above the men that have pushed them to be below them in society. In
the excerpt from The Rainbow, Lawrence explores a female protagonist’s desire to expand her knowledge and worldliness. Ultimately, the use of syntax
and figurative language subtly subvert the traditional role of women. A deeper analysis of the text reveals that her plight and desires reflect those of
women throughout history in patriarchal societies. Analyzed through the lens of feminist critical theory, the author’s portrayal of a specificwoman’s
circumstance reveals the intended condemnation of gender
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Examples Of Figurative Language
Using figurative language in a story gives the reader more detail and it helps their understanding of the story. Saki used imagery to describe the
window that the men came through as “a large French window that opened on to a lawn” so the reader could imagine how the entrance/window
/doorway looked. Likewise, the metaphor “you will bury yourself down there and not speak to a living soul” tells the reader that Mr. Nutell is
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Figurative Language Essay
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1.1Background
Language is a means of communication used by human being. It is, of course, very important since it is used to interact with one another, convey the
information from other human beings and express one’s feeling and emotion. The use of language is constructed in a special way depending on the
topics, the participant and the situation.
The expression of human beings which uses language is literature. There are three kinds of literature, such as: drama, poetry and prose. Those have
their own characteristics which are different from each other. Unlike drama and prose, poetry is usually divided into lines and then grouped into stanza.
It also has beautiful and meaningful words. Fundamentally, poetry is the most intense,…show more content…
Therefore, the use of connotation is needed. In literature, connotation paves way for creativity of one’s work. Connotation usually refers to figure of
speech. Most of the writers use figure of speech to make their works more vivid and fresher. It also often provides more effective means of saying of
what we mean than does direct statement.
2.3Theoretical Framework
2.3.1Figurative Language
Silvian Barnet (1963: 336) stated that the figurative language can be drawn by two meanings. First, figurative language with its literary incompatible
terms, which forces the reader to attend to the connotations rather than the denotations. Second, although figurative language is said to differ from
ordinary discourse, it is sometimes found in ordinary discourse as well as in literature. Knickerbocker and Reninger proposed several kinds of figures,
they are: simile, metaphor, personification, synecdoche, metonymy, hyperbole, irony, paradox, dead metaphor and allusion.
2.3.1.1Simile Simile is a state of comparison of two dissimilar things which is introduced by ‘like or as’. In addition, it can be considered as a
statement of similarity.
For

Figurative Language Essays
Figurative Language and Imagery
ENG 340 Creative Writing
Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. Figurative language is the use of language
to describe something by comparing it to something else. It serves many linguistic purposes. It allows people to express abstract thoughts. It creates
tone and communicates emotional content. The ability to use figurative language in writing can make a poem or story more enjoyable for the reader.
Figurative language is taking words beyond their literal meaning and can come in many different forms, all to create a vivid picture of the written
word. There are many ways to incorporate figurative language into writing, some of which…show more content…
In the line “Loose girdle of soft rain”, from “My Grandmother’s Love Letters”, the rain is compared to a loose belt, which is a clear example of
Personification and much easier to understand. Creating imagery for the reader helps to entertain, provoke thought or help the reader escape to
another reality. Sometimes it can even be silly such as the repetition of the same initial letter, sound, or group of sounds in a series of words. This
usage of figurative language is called Alliteration and includes tongue twisters such as “She sells seashells by the seashore”. Many writers will use
words that describe or imitate a natural sound or the sound made by an object to create imagery within the writing. This is called Onomatopoeia,
and although it is a big word that is hard to pronounce, it is the use of small words such as snap, crackle, pop, buzz and creaked that help bring a
story or poem to life. Another form of imagery that is used quite often is Hyperbole. This is the use of statements that are so dramatic and
exaggerated that a person would not believe the statement is true. “I was so hungry that not only did I eat my dinner, I ate the plate and silverware
too.” A synecdoche is a form of imagery that substitutes a whole object with one aspect of that object. It may also be used to
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Figurative Language In The Great Gatsby Essay
DICTION:
F Scott Fitzgerald used a powerful choice of words for his book “The Great Gatsby.”
In chapter 2, he uses the phrase “the valley of the ashes” that shows Nick’s poverty in his adventures compared to the western egg.
The writer uses diction to develop the character of Tom Buchanan. The word “decisively” in his communication with the elder shows his authoritarian
personality and shows that he considers himself superior to others.
In chapter 5, the writer uses phrases such as “on fire” and “fiery” to represent Gatsby’s great house.
The word “shadow” shows a situation of discomfort between Gatsby and Daisy.
Words like “unhappy” and “tense” show Gatsby’s dislike for the way things went between him and Daisy.
When Gatsby has the opportunity to meet his love…show more content…
The great Gatsby is called an American classic because of its use of figurative language and adjectives that enrich the romantic feel and the theme of the
story.
To enrich the writing style of the story, Fitzgerald has used extensive vocabularies and adjectives through the use of words such as “arrogant
assumption”, “stroller”, “contiguous” and “reckless”.
The writer has also used sophisticated adverbs such as “vaguely”, “miserably”, “hollowly”, “tragically”.
The writer also used flashbacks when he remembered Gatsby’s past, his previous lifestyle and his previous name. There is also a flashback from
Jordan Baker about how he meets Gatsby and his initial meetings with him and his knowledge of Gatsby’s love for Daisy.
Fitzgerald has also used frequent prefiguration elements to enrich the plot of his story. “Gatsby believed in the green light.” This presages that
Gatsby believes he can get his love after five years. Other harbingers in this story are the remains of the car after Gatsby’s party in chapter 3, Owl
Eye’s comments about Gatsby’s life and the mysterious calls received by Gatsby from Chicago and Philadelphia.
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Figurative Language Essay
Poetry is a type of literature written in meter. Meter is the rhythm established by the poem. Figurative language explains the method poets use to
describe a factor by comparing another factor. To comprehend poetry and figurative language, this paper uses three distinct poems to define imagery,
metaphors, rhyme, and structure, and discusses the importance of figurative language in poetry, and ways in which figurative language communicates
to the reader. The poems are “The Road Not Taken” by Robert Frost, “Chosen” by Marilyn Nelson, and “When in disgrace with Fortune and Men’s
Eyes” by William Shakespeare (Theil, 2005, p. 297, 307, 311).
Imagery, Metaphors, Rhyme, and Structure Definition
Imagery can appeal to the senses, or to the…show more content…
Terza rima poetry includes three–line groupings, in that every other line rhymes with the other. Cinquain poetry follow a lines rule, line one contain
one word, line two contains two words, and so on. Alphabet in sequence poetry involves using the alphabet in sequence so that each word of the poem
in sequence contains each letter of the alphabet in consecutive order (McCann, 2004). Edmund clerihew Bentley created the clerihew poetry structure.
This structure involves a four line rule using a famous person or place in the first line, explains about the person or place in the second, third, and fourth
line. The rules also include making the poem humorous, and making sure the first and second line rhyme together and the third and fourth lines rhyme
together (McCann, 2004).
The diamante structure includes seen lines, and the topic of the poem ends opposite to the opening topic. Line one of the poem name deals with the
noun, the name, theme or object. Line two is an adjective that describes the noun in line one. Line three involves participles (ing) relating to lines one
and two. Line four includes four nouns, two referring to line one noun, and the other two refers to line seen. Line fie has three participles relating to
the noun in line seven, and line six has two adjectives describing the noun in line seven. Line seen has the noun;
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The Great Gatsby Figurative Language Analysis
Victimization, which represents the destiny of Gatsby in the book, is suggested by the literature figurative language simile and symbol. Following
the text, it demonstrates that Tom plays an antagonist with Gatsby. This passage is a part of Nick’s narrate after Nick knows that the truth is Daisy
drives the car and kills Myrtle. Firstly, using the “glass” represent Jay Gatsby. Tom such as a big monster with the hard shell, and Gatsby is a
weakness person. He can kill him easily. There are two main reasons why Tom dislikes Gatsby. A reason is Tom’s family is rich from generation to
generation, and he is very pound and rough. He dislikes the person who was an overnight millionaire because, in his opinion, the overnight millionaires
don’t have
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Throughout the novel “The Great Gatsby”, work written by the famous American author F. Scott Fitzgerald, many aspects and topics can be analyzed
and studied; since the narrator that the author uses to the figurative language that characterizes his writing style. Furthermore the symbols and
atmosphere that are implemented in the novel can, as well, be studied and features such as characters descriptions and historical context may be
examined from diverse perspectives. These analytical studies are going to be discuss, all over this essay. In the first place, the narrator of the novel is
the character known as Nick Carraway, so the novel is narrated from a subjective point of view; this means that the reader knows the story through the
eyes
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Personal Narrative: My Use Of Figurative Language
During the time in which I joined the university to begin my bachelor, there was not a first composition class. I never studied writing in a separate
class. So, I immediately started reading literature. I immediately began reading some of William Wordsworth pieces. Honestly, I was preferring to join
a major that is specialized in English just as a language, but because the nearest college to my town does not have such major I joined their English
literature department. I am saying this to clarify that, in the past, I was not very interested in writing.
As I read a lot of literary texts that are full of figurative language, I found that I became very motivated in writing. After each new novel, I became
fascinated with how some situations were expressed, how certain words became used differently, “figurative language, Goeglein says,” calls forth our
imagination to apprehend and to comprehend the relations among the real, the true, and the past” (p., and how I became interested to complete reading
the whole book at once. All that made me excited to write. When I think of this, I make a plan that in my future writing class I will be reading and
discussing literary texts with my students. Quickly I become disappointed when I realize that I might have students who do not appreciate or need
figurative language….show more content…
Students who are studying humanities such as history will likely be interested in reading literature. They will find it exciting when they understand and
use figurative language with all its kinds. They will not mind spending time to look behind a text. They will prefer to learn how could they write using
non–literary words to express their
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Figurative Language
We are all slightly different colors inside and out this is how we are identified by other people around us. Family may identify the color of the skin or
tone of your voice. Friends may use the color of your hair or your body language to know who it is. Words have multiple meanings and sometimes too
much. The first class experience was a perfect example of that. Every person took the meaning of the text differently and it created great in class
discussion. Writing can include two forms of meaning; denotation and connotative. Denotative which is a dictionary definition and this meaning
usually does not change. Than a connotative meaning which derives from emotion and this meaning can change. This can confuse the reader often
times because the…show more content…
A person can be red in the face can mean they are angry or that they are out of breath. The person may not actually have any shade of red in their face
at all but in a more connotative way. Literature brings to many ideas to mind and can be self–altered when the day is strong or weak. In class we talked
about the wooden leg and it made me curious if I would take the text differently after the in class discussion I read the encounter between the two
again and it was quite different after hearing the many people’s ideas of their encounter. The second time through I noticed the passionate love and
how they are a barn ground. The passionate love was coming just so the young man could get closer and steal more items. He has done this to
other women as a “Bible salesman”. This week we also explored the background of several writers and watched a video called, “Act Without Words
1”. The video was comical and supplied information about being trapped. The meaning or the way out could be right in your hands the whole time.
Trying many of the incorrect ways out will drop you on your butt. Simplifying the way out by cutting a rope was right there and got missed because
he wanted to run. You see many words and just want to jump though the screen and speak words to the guy. I have done this chose the wrong way time
and time
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Example Of Figurative Language
An example of a simile would be, ВЁhe smelled clean, like the inside of a bar of soapВЁ (126). The figurative language he used was powerful. Jack
described a man like a bar of soap. That gives us an idea of how clean the man next to Jack was. Why does Jack describe him like the inside of a bar of
soap, if soap is clean on the outside? Another example of figurative language is, ВЁBrown marks appeared as if I were rotting fruitВЁ (132). This
example of a simile describes Jack before he goes to meet up with the attorney. It expresses the marks on his face as if they were rotting fruit. Maybe
this can also be symbolism because he doesn’t like the way he turned out, so he compares his life, like fruit that is rotting.
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Figurative Language
Figurative Language Introduction Figurative language is used to create a special effect or feeling. It is characterized by figures of speech,
language that compares, exaggerates, or means something other than what it first appears to mean. A figure of speech is a literary device used to
create a special effect or feeling by making some type of interesting or creative comparison. This paper will define and give examples of ten types
of figurative language. Types of Figurative Language An idiom is a group of words whose meaning cannot be predicted from the meanings of the
constituent words. For example the phrase “kick the bucket” literately means to actually strike a pail with one’s foot, but as a group are
understood to mean to die. There are over 25,000 idioms in the English language. An analogy is a similarity between like features of two things on
which a comparison may be based. For example pig is to pork as cow is to beef, or meow is to cat as dog is to bark. Analogies play a role in
problem solving, decision making, perception, memory, creativity, emotion, explanation and communication. A metaphor is a literary figure of
speech that describes a subject by claiming it is the same as another otherwise unrelated object. They are closely related to an analogy as achieve their
effect by comparison. One of the more famous metaphors is from Shakespeare’s As You Like It, “All the world’s a stage, and all the men and women
merely players, they have their exits and
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Figurative Language
According to Peter Goodman, the executive business and global news editor at TheHuffingtionPost.com, foreign news has been removed by twenty
American news organization for over 8 years. In his article, “Foreign News at a Crisis Point,” he argue that foreign news is becoming more relevant
and is rapidly disappearing in American news reports. To persuade his audience of his claim, he builds an argument using various writing devices.
Devices such as appeal to logos, to introduce the problem, figurative language to introduce a solution to the problem, and repetition, to conclude his
article on his views. At the begining of his article, he introduces the problem of foreign news being eliminated with facts, appeal to logos. For example
he states, “Back in 2003, American Journalism Review produced a census of foreign correspondents then employed by newspapers based in the United
States, and found 307 full–time people. When AJR repeated the exercise in the summer of 2011, the count had dropped to 234.” This…show more
content…
For example, “Crowd–sourcing is a fundamental advantage of the web, so why not embrace it as a means of piecing together a broader and more
textured understanding of event?” Literally speaking, understandment can not be pieced together like a puzzle. His phrase, “piece together,” means to
form a better understanding by gathering crowd–souces to create writen news articles. He also says, “Facts and insight resides on social media, waiting
to be harvested by the digitally literate contemporary correspondent.” Information does not literally harvest or wait to be harvest. He means,
information of social media is to be gather by a a reporter and be well writen into the news. Therefore the solution is to use social media to gather
information on foreign news to put on a well writen and acurate news report, and it is introduced using figurative
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Identifying Figurative Language Essay
This year in English One, we learned five major skills: how to find themes, making inferences, identifying figurative language, finding evidence to
support your claims, and how to gather research. We have read books and short stories to practice this skills. After learning these standards, I
understand why it is important to know all of these things to be successful in not only our in English classes but for all the classes we will take.
These abilities will help us get A’s and they may help us in future jobs we might have. The five power standards we have been learning all year will help
us read for understanding and be strong writers later on. Determining themes of a short story or novel was the first standard we learned. A theme…show
more content…
When you make an inference, you use hints and clues to make an educated guess. In The Book Thief, we made an inference that Liesel’s mother was a
communist because her father was one. We also came to this conclusion because nobody has contact with her mother, assuming she was sent to a
concentration camp. If a reader doesn’t make inferences about the story, they aren’t truly understanding what is going on. Identifying figurative
language is one of the most important standards we have focused on this year. Figurative language is phrases that don’t that have a literal meaning.
Authors use different types of figurative language like similes, hyperboles, metaphors, idioms, personification, ect. An example of figurative language
in The Book Thief is “Even Death has a heart.” This is an example of personification because only living things have hearts and Death isn’t a person.
Figurative language makes your writing come alive. Using evidence to support your claims backs up what you say or believe. When we do Articles of
the Week, we have to use reasoning in our responses on the article. We also have
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