220 likes | 467 Views

Dar al-Islam. Mr. Millhouse World History AP Hebron High School. Dar al-Islam as a World System. Dar al-Islam or the Abode of Islam Not based on economic activity which is traditionally used to define a “world system” Built on the shared traditions of all Muslims the Five Pillars

E N D

Dar al-Islam Mr. Millhouse World History AP Hebron High School

Dar al-Islam as a World System • Dar al-Islam or the Abode of Islam • Not based on economic activity which is traditionally used to define a “world system” • Built on the shared traditions of all Muslims • the Five Pillars • the Qur’an • Hadiths and the Sharia • Arabic language

Ibn Battuta 1304-1368 • Muslim lawyer and traveler • Left for hajj in 1325 at age 20 • Travels for 29 years covering 75,000 miles (traveled through 44 modern countries) • Rihla of journey indispensable source of knowledge for the Middle Ages • Why was he able to accomplish this? • Dar al-Islam

Travels of Ibn Battuta Yes, it’s Ibn Battuta crater!

Muslim Scholarship • Abbasid Caliph al-Ma’mun opens the House of Wisdom in Baghdad in 800 CE • Combination library, school, and translation center • Translates classic Greek and Roman works • Cordoba, Spain will be instrumental in revival of European learning

Medical Advances • Greatest physician of the Middle Ages was al-Razi • Treatise on Measles and Smallpox • Classified material into three categories: animal, vegetable, and mineral • World’s best hospitals • Doctors had to go to medical school • Ibn Sina’s The Canon of Medicine was used by the West for 600 years

Math and Science • Two main ideas introduced by Muslim scholars • Scientific observation and experimentation • New mathematical solutions • Al-Khwarizmi created al-jabr • “art of bringing together unknowns to match a known quantity” • That’s right: Algebra! Soviet Union postage stamp, 1983

Math and Science • Al-Haytham laid the foundation for modern optics • Al-Biruni wrote 146 works (13,000 pages) on cartography, mathematics, and astronomy • Al-Tusi and Al-Shatir created a symmetrical orbit of the planets

Literature • Shah-Nama (Book of Kings) by Firdawsi • “one of the most exquisite works of Islamic art” • Rubiyat Omar Khayyam • The Thousand and One Nights

Calligraphy Muslim Statement of Faith Bird and a Muslim poem

Architecture What makes Islamic architecture unique? • Mosaics • Minarets • Squinches Minarets of Prophet’s Mosque, Medina Mosaic, Mir-i-Arab Mosque Bukhara, Uzbekistan What a fine squinch!

Mosque of CordobaCordoba, Spain Roman Bridge

You are watching: Dar al-Islam PowerPoint Presentation, free download. Info created by GBee English Center selection and synthesis along with other related topics.