‘Breathing Out’ under Heat Stress—Respiratory Control of Crop Yield under High Temperature



1. Introduction

2. Respiratory Carbon Loss-A Constraint to Crop Yield

3. Heat-Induced Changes in the Proportion of Maintenance Respiration

4. Substrate Availability for Respiration under High Temperature

5. Regulation of Respiratory Flux at High Temperature

6. Positive Correlation between Protein Turnover Cost and Respiratory Cost at High Temperature

7. Diurnal Dynamics of Respiration

8. Thermal Acclimation of the Respiration Response in Plants under Heat Stress

9. Mitochondrial Physiology under High Temperature

10. Hormonal Regulation of Respiratory Metabolism under High Temperature

11. Strategies to Reduce Carbon Loss

11.1. Selection of Genotypes with Low Rates of Respiration under High Night Temperature

11.2. Genome Editing to Target the Metabolic Processes Consuming Carbon

11.2.1. Substitution of the Lignin Biosynthesis Pathway

11.2.2. Suppression of Futile Cycles

11.2.3. Designing Carbon Conserving Photorespiration

11.2.4. Engineering for Low Emission of Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds

11.2.5. “Switching Off” Mitochondrial AOX at Night

11.2.6. Improving Nitrate Acquisition and Relocating Nitrate Assimilation

12. Conclusions and Future Outlooks

Author Contributions


Data Availability Statement


Conflicts of Interest


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Crop Experimental Temperature Q10 Value Reference
Marigold (Tagetes patula) 20 °C (Control)

30 °C (Elevated)

1.35–1.55 [40]
Barley (Hordeum vulgare) 15 °C (Control)

28 °C (Elevated)

3.00 [41]
Subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum) 10 °C (Control)

35 °C (Elevated)

1.85 [42]
Japanese knotweed

(Reynoutria japonica)

15 °C (Control)

25 °C (Elevated)

1.90 [43]
Wheat (Triticum aestivum) 15 °C (Control)

20 °C (Elevated)

1.80 [44]
10 °C (Control-Night temperature)

21 °C (Elevated-Night temperature)

1.97 [45]

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Sharma, N.; Thakur, M.; Suryakumar, P.; Mukherjee, P.; Raza, A.; Prakash, C.S.; Anand, A. ‘Breathing Out’ under Heat Stress—Respiratory Control of Crop Yield under High Temperature. Agronomy 2022, 12, 806. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12040806

Sharma N, Thakur M, Suryakumar P, Mukherjee P, Raza A, Prakash CS, Anand A. ‘Breathing Out’ under Heat Stress—Respiratory Control of Crop Yield under High Temperature. Agronomy. 2022; 12(4):806. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12040806

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sharma, Nitin, Meenakshi Thakur, Pavithra Suryakumar, Purbali Mukherjee, Ali Raza, Channapatna S. Prakash, and Anjali Anand. 2022. “‘Breathing Out’ under Heat Stress—Respiratory Control of Crop Yield under High Temperature” Agronomy 12, no. 4: 806. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12040806

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