AP World History Practice Question 16

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Question: 16

Map of European colonies in Africa, early 20th century

Source 2:

“I repeat, that the superior races have a right because they have a duty. They have the duty to civilize the inferior races….In the history of earlier centuries these duties, gentlemen, have often been misunderstood; and certainly when the Spanish soldiers and explorers introduced slavery into Central America, they did not fulfill their duty as men of a higher race….But, in our time, I maintain that European nations acquit themselves with generosity, with grandeur, and with sincerity of this superior civilizing duty.

I say that French colonial policy, the policy of colonial expansion, the policy that has taken us under the Empire [the Second Empire, of Napoleon], to Saigon, to Indochina [Vietnam], that has led us to Tunisia, to Madagascar-I say that this policy of colonial expansion was inspired by…the fact that a navy such as ours cannot do without safe harbors, defenses, supply centers on the high seas….Are you unaware of this? Look at a map of the world.”

Jules Ferry, On French Colonial Expansion, 1884

The boundary lines on the map (Source 1) reflect which of the following?

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

The European colonization of Africa was decided by powerful individuals in Europe with very little concern for Africans’ best interests. Even today, many of the national boundaries in Africa are reflective of decisions made in Europe during the late nineteenth century and do not necessarily reflect cultural, religious, tribal, or linguistic differences among African peoples. Choice (D) is the best answer.

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