AP Human Geography- Types of Agriculture- Chapter 10 – Flashcards

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Pastoral Nomadism

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Form of subsistence agriculture based on the herding of domesticated animals. Occurs in developing countries. DRY CLIMATES! (Middle East, North Africa) (Camel, goats, sheep, cattle)

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Shifting Cultivation

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Form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another. Switches every few years, then left alone for a relatively long period. Found in developing countries. SLASH AND BURN! TROPICAL CLIMATES! HUMID, LOW LATITUDE! (Amazon, Central Africa) (Upland Rice- SE Asia, Maize- S America, Millet and Sorghum- Africa)

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Transhumance

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Seasonal migration. (Mountain to lowland pasture)

questionIntensive Subsistence- Wet Rice

Intensive Subsistence- Wet Rice

Intensive Subsistence- Wet Rice

answer

Form of subsistence agriculture where farmers work intensely to subsist on a parcel of land. EFFORT. Feeds 3/4 of the worlds people in developing countries. Requires handwork, or animal power. No machinery. Found in developing countries. Climate is humid, but there are seasons. (China, India) (Crop Rotation- 1st Wet Rice, 2nd Barley, Wheat, and Tobacco)

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Plantation Farming

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Form of commercial farming specializing in one or two crops. The crops are grown for sales! Largest production. Found in developing countries. (Latin America) (Cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, banana, tea)

questionMixed Crop and Livestock

Mixed Crop and Livestock

Mixed Crop and Livestock

answer

Integration of crops and livestock. The crops mainly feed the animals, not the humans. The animal meat is for sale, or the products from the animal– 3/4 income comes from meat, eggs, etc. Crop rotation. POPULAR IN EUROPE. Developed countries. (Europe, North America) (Hay// pigs, chicken, cows// eggs)

questionDairy Farming

Dairy Farming

Dairy Farming

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Deals with cows. MOST IMPORTANT TYPE. Ring surrounding the area is the milkshed. All parts of the world. (Milk)

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Commercial Gardening/ Fruit Farming

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Truck Farming- sells fruit and vegetables. Developed Countries (Think… Farmer’s Market and fruit kiosks) (Southeastern United States) (Apples, Asparagus, Cherries, Lettuce, Mushrooms, Potatoes)

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Livestock Ranching

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Commercial grazing. Semiarid or dry land. Developed countries where vegetation is sparse and soil is too poor to support crops. (Think… Cows.)

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Subsistence Agriculture

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Form of agriculture where crops are grown for the consumption of the FARMER’S FAMILY. Developing countries.

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Commercial Agriculture

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Form of agriculture where crops are grown for SALE off the farm!! Developed Countries

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Grain Farming

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Grains. Crops grown primarily for human consumption. Machinery, expanse. Grows in both warm climates, and harsh climates. (China, India) (Wheat, Hay)

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Mediterranean Agriculture

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ALWAYS borders a sea. Most are on the west coast of continents. Human consumption. Horticulture. NO DAIRY. (olives, grapes, cereal)

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question

Pastoral Nomadism

answer

Form of subsistence agriculture based on the herding of domesticated animals. Occurs in developing countries. DRY CLIMATES! (Middle East, North Africa) (Camel, goats, sheep, cattle)

question

Shifting Cultivation

answer

Form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another. Switches every few years, then left alone for a relatively long period. Found in developing countries. SLASH AND BURN! TROPICAL CLIMATES! HUMID, LOW LATITUDE! (Amazon, Central Africa) (Upland Rice- SE Asia, Maize- S America, Millet and Sorghum- Africa)

question

Transhumance

answer

Seasonal migration. (Mountain to lowland pasture)

questionIntensive Subsistence- Wet Rice

Intensive Subsistence- Wet Rice

Intensive Subsistence- Wet Rice

answer

Form of subsistence agriculture where farmers work intensely to subsist on a parcel of land. EFFORT. Feeds 3/4 of the worlds people in developing countries. Requires handwork, or animal power. No machinery. Found in developing countries. Climate is humid, but there are seasons. (China, India) (Crop Rotation- 1st Wet Rice, 2nd Barley, Wheat, and Tobacco)

question

Plantation Farming

answer

Form of commercial farming specializing in one or two crops. The crops are grown for sales! Largest production. Found in developing countries. (Latin America) (Cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, banana, tea)

questionMixed Crop and Livestock

Mixed Crop and Livestock

Mixed Crop and Livestock

answer

Integration of crops and livestock. The crops mainly feed the animals, not the humans. The animal meat is for sale, or the products from the animal– 3/4 income comes from meat, eggs, etc. Crop rotation. POPULAR IN EUROPE. Developed countries. (Europe, North America) (Hay// pigs, chicken, cows// eggs)

questionDairy Farming

Dairy Farming

Dairy Farming

answer

Deals with cows. MOST IMPORTANT TYPE. Ring surrounding the area is the milkshed. All parts of the world. (Milk)

question

Commercial Gardening/ Fruit Farming

answer

Truck Farming- sells fruit and vegetables. Developed Countries (Think… Farmer’s Market and fruit kiosks) (Southeastern United States) (Apples, Asparagus, Cherries, Lettuce, Mushrooms, Potatoes)

question

Livestock Ranching

answer

Commercial grazing. Semiarid or dry land. Developed countries where vegetation is sparse and soil is too poor to support crops. (Think… Cows.)

question

Subsistence Agriculture

answer

Form of agriculture where crops are grown for the consumption of the FARMER’S FAMILY. Developing countries.

question

Commercial Agriculture

answer

Form of agriculture where crops are grown for SALE off the farm!! Developed Countries

question

Grain Farming

answer

Grains. Crops grown primarily for human consumption. Machinery, expanse. Grows in both warm climates, and harsh climates. (China, India) (Wheat, Hay)

question

Mediterranean Agriculture

answer

ALWAYS borders a sea. Most are on the west coast of continents. Human consumption. Horticulture. NO DAIRY. (olives, grapes, cereal)

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