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AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY CH 25n 23o CLASS NOTES
RESOURCES AND REGIONS- THE GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF INDUSTRY

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World distribution of Industry often related to legacy of Colonialism…
WHY???

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Legacy of Colonialism – Resources. Extracted for FOREIGN
Legacy of Colonialism – Resources Extracted for FOREIGN Development, Not DOMESTIC!!! Highly Uneven Current Development lags New Imperialism

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Nairobi, Kenya

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Industrialization Spreads through Europe

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4 Primary Industrial Regions
1. Western & Central Europe 2. Eastern N. America 3. Russia & Ukraine 4. Eastern Asia

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Primary Industry Region in N
Primary Industry Region in N. Hemisphere (Swipe across USA & Europe to Japan) (INDUSTRIAL BANANA)

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The Fuel

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ASIA JAPAN Industrial Dominance until 1975
“Four Tigers” begin to challenge Japan for Industrial dominance in E. Asia S. Korea Taiwan Hong Kong Singapore

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“Four Tigers” Asia Industrial Development
Direct Foreign Investment Population (Labor) Emerging Markets Port Access Less Environmental Restrictions

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Bigger shipments broken down for markets PORT CITY IMPORTANCE
Break of Bulk – transfer of cargo from one carrier (ship) to another (truck) Bigger shipments broken down for markets PORT CITY IMPORTANCE (B of B Points)

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China & Hong-Kong Communist Gov’t controls country
Hong Kong is a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) specific area within country where tax and investment incentives are implemented to attract foreign (and domestic) investment.

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Secondary Industrial Regions
South of Primary Region (USA, Europe, Japan) Mexico, Brazil Malaysia, Indonesia, India WHY DO THESE EMERGE???

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Secondary Industry Regions (“Banana”)

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Export processing zone: (EPZ)
established by many countries in the periphery and semi-periphery offer favorable tax, regulatory, and trade arrangements to attract business and investment labor cheaper and environmental restrictions weaker Example) Maquiladora Technopoles

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Map of Mexico’s Maquiladora Plants

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Special Economic Zones (Cont)
Maquiladora Districts – Just south of USA in Mexico industry relocates – cheaper labor finished goods can be sent to USA free of import tariffs less environmental restrictions Type of Export-Processing Zone

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Maquiladoras

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NAFTA – North American Free Trade Agreement (1995)
Facilitates these districts and further industry

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Technopole areas devoted to research, development, and sale of high technology products
advantages of concentrating in these areas (with good universities and infrastructure) facilitate modern technological innovation e.g., Silicon Valley, Boston

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