Biology 2e

Biology 2e

2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781947172517

Author: Matthew Douglas, Jung Choi, Mary Ann Clark

Publisher: OpenStax

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What accurately represents the overall equation for photosynthesis? Multiple Choice ces 12 H20 + Light energy → C6H1206 + 6 O2 + 6 CO2 + 6 H20 6 CO2 + 12 H2O ± Light energy → C6H1206 + 6 02 +6 H2O 6 CO2 + 12 H20 + Light energy C6H1206 + 6 02 6 CO2 + Light enérgy - C6H1206 + 6 02+ 6 H20 C6H1206+ 6 02 + 12 H20 + Light energy 6 CO2 + 12 H20

Transcribed Image Text:What accurately represents the overall equation for photosynthesis? Multiple Choice ces 12 H20 + Light energy → C6H1206 + 6 O2 + 6 CO2 + 6 H20 6 CO2 + 12 H2O ± Light energy → C6H1206 + 6 02 +6 H2O 6 CO2 + 12 H20 + Light energy C6H1206 + 6 02 6 CO2 + Light enérgy – C6H1206 + 6 02+ 6 H20 C6H1206+ 6 02 + 12 H20 + Light energy 6 CO2 + 12 H20

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The Overall Free Energy Change for Photosynthetic NADP+ Reduction What is the overall free energy change (G) for noncyclic photosynthetic electron transport? 4 (700-nm photons) + 4 (680-nm photons) + 2 H2O + 2 NADP+O2 + 2 NADPH + 2H+

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Figure 8.18 Which of the following statements is true? In photosynthesis, oxygen, carbon dioxide, ATP, and NADPH are reactants. G3P and water are products. In photosynthesis, chlorophyll, water, and carbon dioxide are reactants. G3P and oxygen are products. In photosynthesis, water, carbon dioxide, ATP, and NADPH are reactants. RuBP and oxygen are products. In photosynthesis, water and carbon dioxide are reactants. G3P and oxygen are products.

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Which of the following substances does not participate in the CalvinBenson cycle? a. ATP b. NADPH c. RuBP d. PGAL e. O2 f. CO2

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Melvin Calvin and Andrew Benson determined the steps in the light-independent reactions of photosynthesis by exposing the green alga Chlorella to CO2 labeled with the radioisotope carbon 14. By looking at which compounds the C14 ended up in, they were able to identify all intermediates in this cyclic pathway. Why did they predict correctly that the same set of intermediates would be formed in the light reaction in land plants?

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Which of the following structures is not a component of a photosystem? ATP synthase antenna molecule reaction center primary electron acceptor

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Match each term with its most suitable description. ____ PGAL formation a. absorbs light ____CO2 fixation b. converts light to chemical energy ____ autotroph c. self-feeder ____ ATP forms NADPH does not d. electrons cycle back to photosystem ____ photorespiration e. problem in C3 plants ____ photosynthesis f. Calvin-Benson cycle product ____ pigment g. water molecules split ____ photolysis in photosynthesis h. rubisco function

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Which molecule must enter the Calvin cycle continually for the light-independent reactions to take place? RuBisCO RuBP 3-PGA CO2

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What is the overall purpose of the light reactions in photosynthesis?

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DRAW a curved arrow mechanism for photosynthesis with the following steps. Step 1: Absorption of sunlight and excitation of chlorophyll molecules Step 2: Transfer of energy to reaction center chlorophylls, which lose an electron and become oxidized. Step 3: Electron transfer from oxidized chlorophylls to an electron acceptor, such as a quinone molecule Step 4: Electron transfer from the quinone molecule to a chain of electron carriers, such as cytochromes, which generate a proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane Step 5: ATP synthesis by ATP synthase using the energy of the proton gradient. Step 6: Transfer of electrons from the electron carriers to the enzyme rubisco, which catalyzes the carboxylation of ribulose bisphosphate (RuBP) with CO2, forming an unstable 6-carbon intermediate. Step 7: Cleavage of the 6-carbon intermediate into two 3-carbon molecules, which are phosphorylated by ATP and reduced by NADPH to form glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (G3P) Step 8: Conversion of G3P to…

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Choose the CORRECT order of reactions that are conducted by photosystem I. P700 is activated by two photons → two Chl A0 accept two high-energy electrons → one quinone A1 is fully reduced → two electrons are passed on one 4Fe–4S cluster → two molecules of ferredoxin are reduced → ferredoxin–NADP+ reductase takes two protons from the stroma and reduces one NADP+ P680 is activated by two photons → two Chl A0 accept two high-energy electrons → two molecules of ferredoxin are reduced → ferredoxin–NADP+ reductase oxidizes one ferredoxin at a time to reduce FAD to FADH- and then to FADH2 → the proton-motive force is created P700 is activated by a photon → Chl A0 accepts two high-energy electrons → one plastoquinone QA is fully reduced → two electrons are passed on one 4Fe–4S cluster → two molecules of ferredoxin are reduced → ferredoxin–NADP+ reductase takes two protons from the stroma and reduces one FAD P700 is activated by a photon → pheophytin accepts two high-energy electrons →…

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Which of the following approaches would be the best way to detect the lack of photosystem II in some photosynthetic organisms? Determine whether they have thylakoid membranes. Determine whether they consume CO2 in the dark. Determine whether they produce O2 in the light. Determine the action spectrum for photosynthesis in these organisms.

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Why can photosynthesis be generally considered as a redox process? 3-6 snetences

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