Metaphors are probably to most challenging for students to understand. Learning figurative language can be especially challenging for striving readers. It’s abstract, and for many children, they haven’t met the abstract thinking stage.

For concrete thinkers, breaking figurative language down and explaining the meaning helps. In this post, I want to share one of my favorite authors for modeling metaphors, a type of figurative language. She’s a fairly new author, and I was lucky enough to meet her in person on a school visit. Her name is Julia Cook!

Using My Mouth is a Volcano to Model Metaphors

Julia came to visit our school last year, and my daughter and I thoroughly enjoyed hearing her stories and where the ideas came from. In her past experience, she was an elementary guidance counselor who enjoyed writing and discovered she had a talent for it. She also realized that there were not many books available to address counseling needs such as school anxiety, testing trauma, bullying, staying on task, sharing, teasing, and other social skills.

Fast forward to today, and you can now visit her website {here}. She also has a Facebook page and she’s published 37 picture books and 11 activity books (and some come in Spanish too). I chose to focus my post on this gem since it’s filled with metaphor.

my mouth is a volcano metaphor ideas

Examples from the Book

Recognizing, understanding and using metaphors in written work is quite the process as figurative language is abstract. So many of my students struggle with thinking abstractly, so they “don’t get” idioms and metaphors in particular. Just look at the title. Right off the bat we have a metaphor, and don’t you feel that way sometimes? I know I do. Look at how the words erupt from the mouth! The illustrations work so well to model the meaning behind the words too.

The story opens with another metaphor comparing the mouth to a volcano. Here’s what Julia writes,

“My name is Louis. People say I erupt a lot. I don’t think I do…I have a lot to say, and all of my words are *very* important to me.”

Analyzing Metaphors with Examples

When using this book, I’d suggest having students identify story examples, analyze how they are written, and explain what they mean in a graphic organizer like this. ( I made the organizer in a way that it can be used for other types of figurative language, so hopefully my readers can grab the other books included for additional figurative language lessons.) Prior to working with the book, teachers will need to model and practice identifying different types of figurative language (similes, metaphors, idioms, alliteration, and personification to name a few). I think this would work well both in small groups or pairs and independently with additional books.

Writing Metaphors

Writing metaphors is another huge challenge that will take practice. The gradual release model is certainly the way to go. Teachers can show students how to write simple metaphors using is or was to compare two unlike objects plus description explaining the relationship and metaphors with specific action words like Julia did as she carefully chose her verbs (erupt, giggle, and grumble). Anchor charts like this one from Tiffany Vargas could provide an illustration of how objects are compared and how specific language is used.

teaching metaphors anchor chart

Related Books by Julia Cook

Before I close, I thought I’d share a few of Julia’s other books. You’ll see from the titles how she cleverly plays with words. They’re all very kid friendly and engaging.

other posts you’ll like:


Have a great week readers, and until next time…happy reading!



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